ACADEMICIAN IVAN PAVLOV - THE GREAT RUSSIAN PHYSIOLOGIST

  • Authors: Arkadeva S.D.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Voronezh State Medical University N.N. Burdenko
  • Issue: Vol 12 (2023): МАТЕРИАЛЫ VI ВСЕРОССИЙСКОЙ СТУДЕНЧЕСКОЙ НАУЧНОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ С МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫМ УЧАСТИЕМ «БЕРЕЧЬ И РАЗВИВАТЬ БЛАГОРОДНЫЕ ТРАДИЦИИ МЕДИЦИНЫ»: ВЕРНОСТЬ ПРОФЕССИИ В ИСТОРИИ МОЕЙ СТРАНЫ
  • Pages: 8-9
  • Section: БЕРЕЧЬ И РАЗВИВАТЬ БЛАГОРОДНЫЕ ТРАДИЦИИ МЕДИЦИНЫ»: ВЫДАЮЩИЕСЯ ВРАЧИ РОССИИ
  • URL: https://new.vestnik-surgery.com/index.php/2415-7805/article/view/8664

Cite item

Abstract

"Ivan Pavlov - an outstanding physician of Russia" tells about the life and scientific achievements of a famous Russian scientist, known for his research in the field of physiology of digestion, psychophysiology and the nervous system. The article covers the main stages of Ivan Pavlov's life, his scientific discoveries and their significance for modern science and medicine. The article notes that the achievements of Ivan Pavlov are still relevant and find application in various fields of medicine and psychology.

Full Text

Ivan Pavlov was born in 1849 in Ryazan in the family of a priest. Since childhood, he showed interest in the sciences and in 1870 entered the medical faculty of Moscow University. After graduating from the university, Pavlov was hired as a laboratory assistant in the physiological laboratory of Professor K. F. Steiner, where he began his scientific research.
In 1890, Pavlov became the director of the Immanuel Sechenov Physiological Laboratory in St. Petersburg, where he conducted his famous conditioned reflex experiments. Pavlov's research has shown that animals can learn to associate one stimulus with another and respond to it, even if this stimulus is not associated with a reward or punishment. This discovery was revolutionary for understanding the mechanisms of behavior and became the basis for the development of psychology and neurobiology.
In addition to research on conditioned reflex, Pavlov was engaged in research on the physiology of digestion. He conducted experiments on dogs, studying their reaction to different types of food and various chemical components. These studies led to the development of the concept of conditioned reflexes in physiology.
For his research on the digestive system and conditioned reflex, Ivan Pavlov was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1904. He became the first Russian scientist to receive this prestigious award.
Ivan Pavlov continued to engage in scientific activity until the very end of his life. He died in 1936 in Leningrad, leaving behind a legacy of many scientific works and discoveries that made a huge contribution to the development of physiology, medicine and psychology.
In addition, Ivan Pavlov was also an active public figure and throughout his life advocated science and its development in Russia. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and many other scientific societies.
Today, scientific research in physiology and psychology continues and develops thanks to the legacy of Ivan Pavlov and other outstanding scientists. This area of science has a huge impact on medicine, behavioral sciences and psychology, and helps us to better understand the mechanisms of our body and behavior.
Ivan Pavlov remains one of the most important scientists in Russia and the world, whose research continues to contribute to science and be applied in practical medicine. His work and achievements will remain in the history of science as an example of how great minds can change our lives and our understanding of the world. At present, in the era of rapid development of technology, the achievements of Ivan Pavlov are still relevant and find application in many areas. For example, based on his research, new methods of treating mental disorders such as phobias, anxiety and depression have been created. Also, his works in the field of digestion and endocrinology are used in the treatment of many diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and endocrine system.
One of the most significant achievements of Ivan Pavlov was the discovery of conditioned reflexes. This led to the development of a new science – psychophysiology, which studies the interaction of mental and physiological processes in the body. This science is the basis for the development of new methods of treating mental illness.
Also, Ivan Pavlov's research became the basis for the development of behaviorism, which is widely used in psychology and psychotherapy. Behaviorism studies human behavior as a response to stimuli and develops methods of behavior change.
Finally, Ivan Pavlov's work in the field of the nervous system has formed a scientific understanding of the work of the brain and the development of new methods of treating diseases of the nervous system.
Thus, the achievements of Ivan Pavlov are of great importance for modern science and medicine. His research has opened new horizons in understanding the human body and its behavior. Ivan Pavlov is an example of how scientific discoveries and the work of outstanding scientists can affect people's lives and our understanding of the world.

×

About the authors

Sofia Dmitrievna Arkadeva

Voronezh State Medical University N.N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
Email: ss.arkadieva@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0009-0003-7516-2004
Russian Federation, 10 Studentskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russia

References

  1. Красносельский, И.К. (1983). Иван Петрович Павлов. Москва: Медицина.
  2. Рамштайн, Т. (2017). Иван Павлов: жизнь, наука, наследие. Москва: АСТ.
  3. Иван Петрович Павлов. Нобелевский лауреат по физиологии и медицине 1904 года [Электронный ресурс]. Национальный медико-хирургический центр имени Н.И. Пирогова. URL: https://www.pirogov-center.ru/history/nobel/ivan-petrovich-pavlov (дата обращения: 04.04.2023).
  4. Иван Петрович Павлов [Электронный ресурс]. Российская академия наук. URL: https://www.ras.ru/win/db/show_per.asp?P=.id-523.ln-ru (дата обращения: 04.04.2023).
  5. Павлов Иван Петрович [Электронный ресурс]. Большая российская энциклопедия. URL: https://bigenc.ru/medicine/text/3485157 (дата обращения: 04.04.2023).

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies