SCIENTIFIC MEDICAL DYNASTIES OF RUSSIA

  • Authors: Arkadeva S.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Voronezh State Medical University N.N. Burdenko
  • Issue: Vol 12 (2023): МАТЕРИАЛЫ VI ВСЕРОССИЙСКОЙ СТУДЕНЧЕСКОЙ НАУЧНОЙ КОНФЕРЕНЦИИ С МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫМ УЧАСТИЕМ «БЕРЕЧЬ И РАЗВИВАТЬ БЛАГОРОДНЫЕ ТРАДИЦИИ МЕДИЦИНЫ»: ВЕРНОСТЬ ПРОФЕССИИ В ИСТОРИИ МОЕЙ СТРАНЫ
  • Pages: 6-8
  • Section: БЕРЕЧЬ И РАЗВИВАТЬ БЛАГОРОДНЫЕ ТРАДИЦИИ МЕДИЦИНЫ»: ВЫДАЮЩИЕСЯ ВРАЧИ РОССИИ
  • URL: https://new.vestnik-surgery.com/index.php/2415-7805/article/view/8663

Cite item

Abstract

This article discusses the issue of medical dynasties of leading universities in Russia. The author presents several examples of such dynasties and discusses their important role in the development of medicine and science in general. Thanks to dynasties, medicine is becoming more and more developed and perfect, which makes it possible to take better care of people's health and increase their life expectancy. The article is aimed at a wide audience interested in medicine and the history of its development in Russia.

Full Text

Medical dynasties are a phenomenon when several generations of the same family work in medicine. This may be due to family traditions, as well as a shared love of science and a desire to help people. There are many medical dynasties in Russia, and today we will look at several of them related to the leading medical universities of the country.
The Pirogov dynasty is one of the most famous medical dynasties in Russia. It is associated with the name of Nikolai Ivanovich Pirogov, an outstanding Russian doctor and surgeon, the creator of the first medical school in Russia. In the Pirogov family, medicine was the real business of the family: Nikolai Ivanovich, his brother Vladimir Nikolaevich and Nikolai Ivanovich's son, Vladimir Nikolaevich, were also famous doctors and scientists. Currently, the Pirogov dynasty continues: many family members are doctors, work at medical universities and are engaged in scientific activities.
The Sklifosovsky dynasty is associated with one of the most famous medical universities in Russia - I.M. Sechenov Moscow State Medical University. Medicine was also a traditional business in the Sklifosovsky family: his father, Nikolai Vasilyevich Sklifosovsky, was a famous cardiac surgeon, his son, Leonid Nikolaevich, continued his father's work and became a famous cardiac surgeon, and his grandchildren and great-grandchildren also work in medicine and are associated with the Moscow State Medical University.
The Struve Dynasty is another well-known medical dynasty associated with the I.M. Sechenov Moscow State Medical University. It began with the outstanding neurologist Ivan Mikhailovich Struve, who founded the first neuropathological clinic in Russia. His son, Sergei Ivanovich Struve, also became a famous doctor and scientist, worked at the Moscow Medical Institute, which later became the Moscow State Medical University. Sergey Ivanovich's daughter, Larisa Sergeevna Struve, also became a neuropathologist and continued to work at the Moscow Medical Institute, and her daughter, Lyudmila Vladimirovna Berezina, also became a doctor and works at the Moscow State Medical University named after I.M. Sechenov.
The Filatov dynasty is associated with the Odessa National Medical University named after N.I. Pirogov. Its founder, Vladimir Petrovich Filatov, was an outstanding surgeon and ophthalmologist who created a school that became famous all over the world. His son, Svyatoslav Vladimirovich Filatov, was also an ophthalmologist and scientist, worked at the Odessa Medical Institute, which later became the Odessa National Medical University. Currently, the Filatov dynasty continues: many family members are doctors and work at the Odessa National Medical University.
Medical dynasties are not only a link between generations in the same family, but also traditions passed down from year to year. They help to preserve experience, knowledge and achievements in medicine, create new scientific schools and develop medical science. We have considered only a few well-known medical dynasties, but their number is much larger. For example, at the St. Petersburg State Medical University named after Academician I.P. Pavlov, the Borzov dynasty has been engaged in pediatrics for several generations. His father, Vladimir Vasilyevich Borzov, was a professor at the Department of Pediatrics and Children's Medicine, his son, Alexander Vladimirovich Borzov, continues to practice pediatrics and works at the same university, and his grandson, Ivan Alexandrovich Borzov, is also a pediatrician and works at a hospital in St. Petersburg.
Dynasties of doctors and scientists not only link generations in one family, but also help to preserve and develop science and medicine in general. Their experience and knowledge are passed down from generation to generation, creating new scientific schools and methods of treatment, as well as enriching medical science with new discoveries and achievements. Thanks to such dynasties, medicine is becoming more and more developed and perfect, which, in turn, makes it possible to take better care of people's health and increase their life expectancy.
In conclusion, it is safe to say that medical dynasties play an important role in the development of medicine and science in general. They connect generations in one family, transfer experience and knowledge, create new scientific schools and methods of treatment, and also continue the work of their predecessors. Thanks to them, medicine is becoming more and more developed and perfect, which makes it possible to take better care of people's health and increase their life expectancy.

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About the authors

Sofia Arkadeva

Voronezh State Medical University N.N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
Email: ss.arkadieva@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0009-0003-7516-2004
Russian Federation, 10 Stedentskaya str., Voronezh, 394036, Russia

References

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