ZEMSKY DOCTOR (TERRITORIAL DOCTOR) K. K. SOKOLOV

  • Authors: Zatsepina E.A.1, Makhinova O.V.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko
  • Issue: Vol 11 (2022): V ВСЕРОССИЙСКАЯ СТУДЕНЧЕСКАЯ НАУЧНАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ С МЕЖДУНАРОДНЫМ УЧАСТИЕМ «БЕРЕЧЬ И РАЗВИВАТЬ БЛАГОРОДНЫЕ ТРАДИЦИИ МЕДИЦИНЫ»: ВЕРНОСТЬ ПРОФЕССИИ В ИСТОРИИ МОЕЙ СТРАНЫ
  • Pages: 309-311
  • Section: СЛЕДУЯ ЗАВЕТАМ ГИППОКРАТА»: ПУТЬ ВРАЧА
  • URL: https://new.vestnik-surgery.com/index.php/2415-7805/article/view/7473

Cite item

Abstract

The article is about a speech with capital letters, the doctor is the hero of his time, Konstantin Konstantinovich Sokolov. He was devoted to his profession and devoted himself entirely to healing ordinary people. From the first days of his life in the village, he became a doctor-healer, sought to help other peasants overcome the darkness of ignorance, to open before them, an enlightened world, a different, meaningful life. In wartime and world times, K. K. Sokolov lived and worked for the people.

Full Text

Sokolov Konstantin Konstantinovich (1859-1919) - a doctor who moved with his family to the village of Nikolskoye Verkhnekhavskoye district to "live and work for the people". Born in Moscow. Nobleman. From a family of hereditary doctors. Graduated from Moscow University, Faculty of Medicine in 1883. He studied at the same time as L. V. Sredin (Yalta surgeon, public figure) and A. P. Chekhov. He began working in the Komarov hospital, opened at his own expense by his father-in-law, the famous manufacturer S. V. Alekseev, in the Moscow region. It was built in 1873 and was the first and only one in the district to provide free medical care to the peasants of Komarovka and neighboring villages [1] . His wife, Zinaida Sergeevna Sokolova, was the daughter of a wealthy manufacturer S. V. Alekseev. In 1886, Konstantin Konstantinovich listened to lectures and watched the operations of surgical professors in Halle, Paris, and Vienna. Upon returning to his homeland, he worked in Moscow at the Bakhrushinsky hospital as a senior doctor in the surgical department.

The Sokolovs could realize themselves in the capital, but in the spring of 1894 they moved to the village of Nikolskoye, Voronezh province, because "they were under the power of the idea of living and working for the people." “Happier than us, it seems, there were no people on the whole earth! What a light was in our souls, ”Zinaida Sergeevna wrote in her book of memoirs“ Our life in Nikolskoye. Village Notes. In 1894, the Sokolov family acquired the old Nikolskoye noble estate, erected a wooden manor house with many windows in the simplest forms. Konstantin Konstantinovich immediately began receiving patients at home; a spacious isolated room with a separate entrance was allocated for this. “ Treatment began very soon after our placement in Nikolskoye, two days later. Patients came with catarrh of the stomach, fever. They brought children with scrofula, umbilical hernia and other diseases, ”Zinaida Sergeevna recalled. She helped her husband in everything. She gave out medicines, explained how to take them, helped with operations, and provided first aid in case of accidents. They took 150 patients a day. “One of our children will serve a kettle or curdled milk, bread through the window. After stopping the reception for a few minutes, eat, although not to your full, and the reception is resumed. We were very ashamed to go home from the reception to eat when people have been waiting since early morning,” she wrote in her letters to her mother, Elizaveta Vasilievna. I had to overcome the ignorance of the peasants. Not everyone sought medical help, many continued to be treated in the old fashioned way, with the help of local healers. The peasants themselves told about how the umbilical hernia of babies was treated : mouse . They will attach the muzzle to the navel, and tightly to the stomach and wrap it with a sling for several days. Well, the mouse wants to eat, bites its navel and gnaws its gnaw , and it comes out. Once the child lay alone for a long time, as the mother went to work in the field. When she returned, she found the child covered in blood and dead. "Thank you Kistin Kistinich that you are trying with us. And God save us to be treated like Nashensky , ”the peasant women thanked him [2] . With each passing day, the rumor spread about the new " dokhtura " from Moscow, about his courtesy, friendly treatment, "miraculous" healings. Imaginations immediately appeared. It was said that this doctor was none other than a prince in disguise. All this did not come out of nowhere .

Not far from Nikolsky was the estate of Prince Peter of Oldenburg . There was a hospital in it, where a student of K. K. Sokolov, Semyon Semenovich Manuilov, worked in the surgical department. When serious operations were coming up in Ramon, he sent an elegant cabriolet for his teacher. Thanks to these trips, the peasants made Konstantin Konstantinovich a prince. Konstantin Konstantinovich warmly and seriously treated the reception of patients. Over the years, almost all the inhabitants of the district were well and closely acquainted with him in one case or another. He not only knew his patient, but also knew his family, his living conditions. But, neither his love for people, nor his knowledge, nor his “good” medicines could save neglected tuberculosis patients. “It was impossible to live with one lung already with cavities, with hard work, often still a pregnant or lactating woman, and with hungry years, it was impossible to live for a long time,” the Sokolovs lamented. Tuberculosis and syphilitic families formed nests of these terrible diseases, from where they spread among the surrounding population. Later, a year later, an outpatient clinic was also built. She was "versts for 2 from the farm." The spouses were afraid that the sick would infect the Nikolsky peasants.

During the First World War, a hospital was opened in Nikolskoye. KK Sokolov treated the wounded, but at the same time continued to help the peasants. Such a long-term participation in the life of the village saved the estate from ruin during the revolution, and its owners from reprisals. However, Konstantin Konstantinovich Sokolov lived a short life after the revolution. For six months he treated typhus in the villages, became infected himself, began to recover, but died of a heart attack in 1919. He was buried by peasants in the cemetery in the village of Malaya Privalovka.

Discussion. In modern conditions of democratization of our society, the basic values of humanity are devalued. This circumstance makes us turn to the history of domestic medicine. Any person is born with the ability to respond to someone else's pain. It was this quality that caused admiration for doctors. The personification of mercy, selflessness, selflessness was the zemstvo doctor Konstantin Konstantinovich Sokolov.

Conclusion.They say that it is not the place that makes the man, but the man that makes the place. The Sokolovs carried the unquenchable light of their soul through all the years of their life in Nikolskoye. They served people disinterestedly, selflessly, sincerely.

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About the authors

Ekaterina Anatolievna Zatsepina

Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko

Email: serg.petrenko.84@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5345-7886
SPIN-code: 5203-7885
Russian Federation, 394036, Russia, Voronezh, Studentskaya St, 10

Olga Vasilievna Makhinova

Voronezh State Medical University named after N. N. Burdenko

Author for correspondence.
Email: mahinovaolga@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1799-6361
SPIN-code: 2567-9521
Russian Federation, 394036, Russia, Voronezh, Studentskaya St, 10

References

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  2. Соколова З. С. Наша жизнь в Никольском. Деревенские записки / сост., подготовка рукописи к публ. и коммент. С. Н. Сукочевой. – Воронеж : Центр духовного возрождения Черноземного края, 2004. – 288 с.[Sokolova Z.S. Our life in Nikolskoye. Village notes / comp., preparation of the manuscript for publication. and comment. S. N. Sukocheva. - Voronezh: Center for the Spiritual Revival of the Chernozem Territory, 2004. - 288 p.]

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