THE STATE AND TRENDS IN THE INCIDENCE OF MENTAL DISORDERS IN THE KURSK REGION

  • Authors: Barybina E.S1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Kursk State Medical University
  • Issue: Vol 11, No 1 (2022): XVI МЕЖДУНАРОДНАЯ НАУЧНО-ПРАКТИЧЕСКАЯ КОНФЕРЕНЦИЯ МОЛОДЫХ УЧЕНЫХ-МЕДИКОВ
  • Pages: 14-15
  • Section: Результаты фундаментальных и прикладных исследований
  • URL: https://new.vestnik-surgery.com/index.php/2415-7805/article/view/7469

Cite item

Abstract

Relevance. On the territory of the Russian Federation, about 40% of the population have signs of mental activity disorders, which affect all segments of the population, including children [1, 2]. These disorders entail serious consequences for the social spheres of human life. As a result, monitoring the incidence of mental disorders in dynamics remains an urgent task. The purpose of the study: to analyze the state of the incidence of mental disorders in the Kursk region and make a forecast for 2021-2022. Materials and methods of research. Based on the data of the Federal State Statistics Service, the Unified Interdepartmental Information and Statistical System (EMISS), an analysis of the state of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders in the Kursk region for 2011-2020 was carried out. The following methods of analysis were used: the method of averages, tabular, calculation of indicators of dynamics series.

Results. According to the results of the analysis, it was found that the direction of the indicators of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders changed significantly during the analyzed period. Thus, the average growth rate of the overall incidence of mental disorders in the Kursk region was 0.8%, while against the background of a dynamic decline in indicators in 2013-2016, a significant increase was noted in 2017-2019. During the assessment of primary morbidity, a general trend was established to reduce morbidity by an average of 2.0% over the analyzed period. Among the possible reasons for the increase in the indicators of general and primary morbidity can be identified improvements in the organization of psychiatric care, changes in diagnostic criteria, etc. The reasons for the decrease in morbidity include improvements in the system of development of preventive and rehabilitation measures, improvement of pharmacotherapy and drug provision, reduced availability of medical care, etc.

The calculation of the forecast of possible morbidity showed a downward trend in both the general (2667.1 and 2688.4 cases per 100 thousand people) and primary morbidity (218.9 and 214.5 cases per 100 thousand people) of mental disorders in 2021-2022. Conclusions. Thus, dynamic changes in the indicators of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders indicate the need for a systematic analysis aimed at timely identification of alarming trends in the field of mental health of the population.

Full Text

Relevance. On the territory of the Russian Federation, about 40% of the population have signs of mental activity disorders, which affect all segments of the population, including children [1, 2]. These disorders entail serious consequences for the social spheres of human life. As a result, monitoring the incidence of mental disorders in dynamics remains an urgent task.
The purpose of the study: to analyze the state of the incidence of mental disorders in the Kursk region and make a forecast for 2021-2022.
Materials and methods of research. Based on the data of the Federal State Statistics Service, the Unified Interdepartmental Information and Statistical System (EMISS), an analysis of the state of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders in the Kursk region for 2011-2020 was carried out. The following methods of analysis were used: the method of averages, tabular, calculation of indicators of dynamics series.
Results. According to the results of the analysis, it was found that the direction of the indicators of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders changed significantly during the analyzed period. Thus, the average growth rate of the overall incidence of mental disorders in the Kursk region was 0.8%, while against the background of a dynamic decline in indicators in 2013-2016, a significant increase was noted in 2017-2019. During the assessment of primary morbidity, a general trend was established to reduce morbidity by an average of 2.0% over the analyzed period.
Among the possible reasons for the increase in the indicators of general and primary morbidity can be identified improvements in the organization of psychiatric care, changes in diagnostic criteria, etc. The reasons for the decrease in morbidity include improvements in the system of development of preventive and rehabilitation measures, improvement of pharmacotherapy and drug provision, reduced availability of medical care, etc.
The calculation of the forecast of possible morbidity showed a downward trend in both the general (2667.1 and 2688.4 cases per 100 thousand people) and primary morbidity (218.9 and 214.5 cases per 100 thousand people) of mental disorders in 2021-2022.
Conclusions. Thus, dynamic changes in the indicators of general and primary morbidity of mental disorders indicate the need for a systematic analysis aimed at timely identification of alarming trends in the field of mental health of the population.

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About the authors

Elena S Barybina

Kursk State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: alena.baribina@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9057-1768
SPIN-code: 4145-4718
Russian Federation, 305041, Kursk region, Kursk, K. Marx str., 3

References

  1. Шматова Ю.Е. Динамика статистических и социологических показателей состояния психического здоровья населения России // Проблемы развития территории. 2019. № 3 (101). С.76–96.
  2. Мамеева А.Ю. Психические расстройства различных регионов РФ/ А.Ю. Мамеева // Инновации. Наука. Образование. 2020. №3. С. 2739-2743.

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