MODERN ACHIEVMENTS IN MEDICINE IN RUSSIA

Abstract



Today medicine is one of the most fast- developing fields of science. Contemporaneous doctor should have fundamental knowledge not only in medicine, but also be skillful in engineering, biochemistry, biology, technology and so on. Nowadays telemedicine is successfully developing in Russia. This year the project «Electronic medical сard » get started [3]. Electronic medical card is a set of personal medical records relating to one person, collected, stored and used within one medical organization This is an analogue of a paper version of case report, access to which is available only to the doctor and the patient. It includes personal data, information about vaccinations, blood type, rhesus, earlier diseases, previous appointments, the results of analyses, ultrasound and x-ray examinations. By 2020 60% of polyclinics and hospitals in Russia will have used electronic medical cards. Different on-line consultations today are hold in and out of clinics and hospitals. It also became possible to make a distant concilium with the best specialists. Due to these modern technologies medicine in Russia stepped far forward. Surgeons of leading medical centers in our country do operations with the help of robots making small incisions. It is very important for patients because of minimal influence on tissues, for example, during brain operations. Intravascular surgery of cervical, coronary and brain vessels is also successful due to modern X-ray equipment. Doctors remove blood clots and put stents inside different vessels making little snips. In some cases these operations give the only chance to save patients’ lives. Genetic and tissues engineering specialists also achieved a lot. The goal of tissue engineering is to assemble functional constructs that restore, maintain, or improve damaged tissues or whole organs. Artificial skin and cartilage are examples of engineered tissues today [1, с.152]. Now medical genetics is progressing in making research of role of inheritance and variation in genesis of hereditary diseases and different pathologies. It is possible to reveal genes which predispose osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, benign prostatic hyperplasia, diabetes, asthma. Also different oncogenes have been identified. Making a genetic analysis allow specialists to prevent numerous pathologies and make a genome editing. Alexander Maximovs’ scientific work about stem cells in 1909 gave a start for developing of cell-technologies [2, с.53-57 ]. I will not be ashamed to say "I know not," nor will I fail to call in my colleagues when the skills of another are needed for a patient's recovery. I will respect the privacy of my patients, for their problems are not disclosed to me that the world may know. Most especially must I tread with care in matters of life and death. If it is given me to save a life, all thanks. But it may also be within my power to take a life; this awesome responsibility must be faced with great humbleness and awareness of my own frailty. Above all, I must not play at God. I will remember that I do not treat a fever chart, a cancerous growth, but a sick human being, whose illness may affect the person's family and economic stability. My responsibility includes these related problems, if I am to care adequately for the sick. I will prevent disease whenever I can, for prevention is preferable to cure. I will remember that I remain a member of society, with special obligations to all my fellow human beings, those sounds of mind and body as well as the infirm. If I do not violate this oath, may I enjoy life and art, respected while I live and remembered with affection thereafter. May I always act so as to preserve the finest traditions of my calling and may I long experience the joy of healing those who seek my help [4].

M S Rothchevkina

Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical University

I V Belokoneva

Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical University

  1. [Internet-resource]h t t p: // s h o d h ga n ga. i n f l i bn et. a c. i n / bitstream/10603/186490/10/09%20chapter%202. pdf (Date: 12.11.2018).
  2. [Internet-resource] http://www. i n d ia e d u c at i o n. ne t / me d i c a l / b a s i c/ (Date:12.11.2018).
  3. [Internet-resource] https://finapp.co.in/ salary-mbbs-doctors/ (Date:12.11.2018).
  4. [Internet-resource] https://www.pbs. org/wgbh/nova/article/hippocratic-oath-today/ (Date:12.11.2018).

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