Vol 21, No 2 (2018)

Articles
ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL ANXIETY AND ITS INTERRELATION WITH THE LEVEL OF DESADAPTATION, ANXIETY AND DEPRES-SION IN THE MEDICAL STUDENTS
Afanasyev S.O., Gayvoronskaya E.B., Nemtseva A.A., Dubova E.A., Frolova A.I.
Abstract
The article presents the literature review devoted to subject of so-cial anxiety disorder and its interrelation with social desadaptation, depression and alcoholism of medical higher schools students. The main difficulties of educational process of medical students, interrelation of social anxiety disorder with develop-ment of alcohol addiction of students are defined.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):4-12
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THE ANALYSIS OF THE RESULTS OF THE EMPIRICAL STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF MEDICAL UNIVERSITY EDUCATORS’ PROFESSIONAL SELF-CONCEPT
Belenova I.A., Koretskaya I.V., Podoprigora A.V., Krasnikova O.P., Andreeva E.A., Belenov I.S., Smirnova T.A.
Abstract
The article deals with the issue of the development of the professional self-concept. The attempt of the elaboration of the conceptual basis of the professional self-concept development of a modern medical university educator had been made. This basis allows activating personal potential of an educator. According to the results of the study, the types of the professional self-concept of medical university educators were distinguished: scientific-educational, curative-educational, productive-educational ones. It is proved that each type of the professional self-concept has its own combination of characteristics and personal features of subjects.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):13-17
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RISK FACTORS OF THE SUICIDAL BEHAVIOR DEVELOPMENT AT THE CHILDREN'S AND ADOLESCENT AGE
Gayvoronskaya E.B., Borisenko K.O., Shiriaev O.Y.
Abstract
The diagnostic special features of predisposing factors of the suicidal behavior development among the children and adolescents are shown. The risk group is indicated on the basis of the study, conclusions on the base conducting of the per-sons with the developed acute state are made.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):18-22
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USE OF THE GOTLAND SCALE OF THE DEPRESSION AND QUESTIONNAIRE “MY TEMPERAMENT” FOR EVALUATING THE MENTAL HEALTH OF THE STUDENTS
Grechko T.Y., Edigarian E.S., Korchagin V.V.
Abstract
The results of investigating the mental health (development of the direct and indirect signs of depression with the aid of Goland scale of male depression (GSMD) as well as the connection of the types of temperament and depression among the students of the Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical University and the students of juridical department of the Voronezh State University are represented.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):23-27
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STOMATOPHOBIA IN ADOLESCENTS, METHODS OF DETECTION AND WARNINGS
Grechko T.U., Koretskay I.V., Uradnikova V.A., Eremeeva P.S., Oganesan G.T.
Abstract
Due to the Soviet dental service, there are many people scared of dental drills. Those people are not just scared of going to the dentist, they are terrified when they think about dental service in general. That’s why we should fight this phobia.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):28-32
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FEATURES OF THE SELF-RELATION OF THE PERSON OF THE USERS ASKING FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSISTANCE ONLINE
Ivanov V.G., Lazareva E.Y., Nikolaev E.L.
Abstract
Results of a research of features of the self-relation of the person of the Internet users who asked for psychological assistance online are presented. The specifics of the self-relation of these users are characterized by the self-esteem which is expressed by the selective attitude towards itself depending on a situation and poorly expressed by self-abasement level. At the same time the autosimpatiya is shown as feeling of value of own person and readiness for change only of some qualities.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):33-36
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PSYCHOPATHOLOGY OF DIALOGIC SPLITTING OF THE SELF: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
Ilichev A.B., Davtian E.N.
Abstract
The symptom of the dialogic splitting of the self reflects disorder of the monologic feature of inner speech. The quality of involuntariness causes its similarity to mental automatism, pseudohallucinations, obsessive phenomena. However, with the dialogic splitting, there is no experience of alienation which is inherent in mental automatism and pseudohallucinations. Dialogic splitting has no experience of extraneous influence, of being made, which are characteristic of persecutory delusion and pseudohallucinations. Obsessions are characterized by absence of internal splitting of the self which is observed in dialogic splitting. The symptom of a dialogic splitting of the self is one of the specific manifestations of schizotypal disorder.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):37-44
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PECULIARITIES OF COGNITIVE DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHMIC STRORE
Kameneva N.N.
Abstract
During the work, the state of cognitive functions was studied in 54 patients who underwent ischemic stroke in various basins of the brain. Complete clinical studies were conducted with evaluation of neuropsychic status-memory, visual perception and attention. It was shown that the overwhelming majority of patients had violations (mostly mild and moderate) of auditory speech (98.1%) and visual (96.2%) memory, and attention violation was observed in 100%. The degree of expression and the nature of cognitive impairment directly depended on the location of the lesion. Thus, patients who underwent a stroke in the left middle cerebral artery were dominated by mild and moderate disorders of immediate auditory memory, and in severe disorders, delayed reproduction was more affected. At the same time, the disturbance of visual memory and attention was more pronounced in patients who had suffered a stroke in the vertebrobasilar basin and the anterior cerebral artery.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):45-50
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THE POTENTIAL PREDICTORS OF OBESITY DEVELOPMENT
Korzhova S.O., Shiriaev O.Y., Makhortova I.S., Chubarov T.V.
Abstract
The prevalence of obesity is increasing in the world and has reached epidemic proportions. Obesity during childhood can have a harmful effect on the body and leads to serious health consequences. Disease impact is aggravated by low- efficiency modern therapy. The results of epidemiological studies make obesity one of the most common chronic diseases among children in the world. The review focused on the analysis the literature of childhood obesity’s problem. The results of modern studies showed the influence of various factors to the developing overweight and obesity among children such as eating behavior, salivary amylase and vitamin D.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):51-55
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CLINICAL AND ENCEPHALOGRAPHIC STUDY IN DISORDERS OF THE REPRODUCTIVE CYCLE IN ADOLESCENCE
Koschavtsev A.G., Pozdnyak V.V.
Abstract
Disorders of the reproductive cycle in adolescence are juvenile metrorrhagia, algodysmenorreya (attacks of intense pain during menstruation), amenorrhea and opsomenorrhea (violations of monthly frequency). The aim of our study was to clarify the features of the functional state of the brain (the EEG) in adolescent girls with disorders of the reproductive cycle. The study involved 200 girls with menstrual irregularities at the age of 15,47+1,44 years. Clinical and electroencephalographic study of adolescent girls with menstrual irregularities suggests they have one-third of cases the depressive reactions. State of low mood is more common in adolescents with amenorrhea and juvenile metrorrhagia. Depressive reactions in girls with disorders of the reproductive cycle correspond to three types of EEG patterns, which can be roughly described as moderately pointed, sharp and clearly out.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):56-61
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THE STUDY OF EATING BEHAVIOR IN CHILDREN OF PRE-PUBERTAL AGE WITH THE PATHOLOGY OF THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT
Ljapunova J.A., Plahuta A.A., Grechanyi S.V.
Abstract
31 children aged 3-11 years (mean age 7.42 ± 0.542 years, 15 boys, 16 girls) with various gastrointestinal diseases were examined: hypertension of the esophagus veins (1 person), encopresis (1 person), jaundice (1 person), celiac disease (6 people), ulcerative colitis (4 people), dyspeptic disorders (9 people), agenesis of the biliary tract (1 person), Crohn's disease (8 people). The average value of the family cohesion scale, according to the FACES-3 methodology, corresponded to the divided level of family relations, and the average value of adaptation to a chaotic level (a divided-chaotic profile of family functioning). This suggests a balanced nature of the relationship between individual family members, but a disadaptive level of the functioning of the family as a whole. A study of the parents of patients using the Family Alarm technique showed that none of the subscales ("Wines", "Anxiety", "Tension") reached the diagnostic level (the sum of the scores was 5 or more). Therefore, one can not speak about the expressed level of anxiety among family members of the children surveyed. The study using the "Scale of Food Behavior" (DEBQ) method showed that the excess of reference values was noted only in the subscale "Emotional eating behavior", hence this type of eating behavior prevailed in the parents of the children surveyed. The results of the correlation analysis showed that the emotional eating behavior of parents was directly related to overeating in children. Some features of eating behavior in children were associated with this or that type of family functioning. Thus, the tendency to overeating was associated with a high level of family cohesion. The relationship of such characteristics as high sensitivity to saturation with slow rate of food intake, food selectivity, emotional malnutrition, high level of family tension and severity of child anxiety is shown.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):62-68
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ASPECTS OF CHARACTERISTIC PROPERTIES IN PATIENTS WITH ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE AS RISK FACTORS FOR THE EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF ADDICTION AND THE SEVERITY OF THE DISEASE
Malygin V.L., Iskanderova A.S., Merkuriev Y.A., Pakhtusov E.E., Parfenov P.G., Vdovin A.S., Zolotukhin Y.S.
Abstract
The high level of impulsivity, manifested primarily in impulsive actions, reduced ability to plan and self-control, as well as the infantilism, manifested as a low level of self-orientation, avoiding cooperation with other people and the tendency to search for unusual transpersonal spiritual experience are risk factors for early formation of dependence. At the same time, maturity and willingness to cooperate with society constrain early access to alcohol. Early formation of alcohol dependence contributes to greater severity of disease manifestations. The high level of impulsiveness, manifested in the difficulties of planning one's life and overcoming obstacles, contributes to the problems with the law.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):69-78
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STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL MOTIVATION OF PATIENTS WITH INFLAMMATORY DISEASES OF THE PARODONT WHILE CARRYING OUT TREATMENT AND PREVENTION MEASURES
Oleinik O.I., Sushchenko A.V., Soloveva A.L.
Abstract
The article deals with issues related to increasing the motivation of the population to conduct therapeutic and prophylactic measures for inflammatory periodontal diseases. The urgency of the problem is due to the high prevalence of pathology among all age groups (80-99%), a significant decrease in the functional capabilities of the dentoalveolar system, which affects the quality of life of patients. It was revealed that the type of temperament plays an important role in the motivation for conducting therapeutic and prophylactic measures in the early stages of the pathological process in periodontium.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):79-83
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SECTION MKB-10 "MENTAL DISORDERS AND DISORDERS OF BEHAVIOUR (F00-F99)": CLINICAL, WORLD OUTLOOK AND SPIRITUAL COMPONENTS
Palchikov M.A.
Abstract
The question of conceptual similarity of views of pathology and a sin from the point of view of psychophysiology and religious doctrines is considered. Need of effective interaction of psychiatrists and priests, as for increase in effectiveness of therapy of mental disorders, and for prevention of sharp states in work with religious patients is emphasized.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):84-87
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PREVENTION OF POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER IN DANGEROUS PROFESSION PERSON’S GROUP
Petrova A.V., Skliarova T.P., Popova I.A., Poddubniy V.V., Trophimov A.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of adaptation of specialists who participated in emergency response, develop delayed post-traumatic stress disorder of them, prevention desadaptation, the use of psychophysiological methods in rehabilitation.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):88-92
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CLINICAL-PSYCHOPATHOLOGICAL PECULIARITIES OF AU-TODESTRUCTIVE BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS
Pozdniak V.V., Khutoryanskaya J.V.
Abstract
This article is about an analysis of self-injurious behavior of teenagers with psychological disturbance. They discribe characteristics of self-injury depending on nosological identity. An evaluation of mechanisms of psychological defense, an analysis of coping behavior and personalities of teenagers with self-injurious behavior.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):93-99
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PATTERN OF SPEECH DISORDERS AND BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS IN CHILDREN
Pozdniak V.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the longitudinal study of children with speech disorders. We have analyzed speech disorder patterns in children over the years. Our research was conducted on groups of children with tempo speech delays. We have used different methods of communication and developed speech disorders patterns in every group. Evaluation of the sensory profile in children with speech disorders. Analysis of behavioral disorders in children with speech disorders.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):100-106
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THE EXPERIENCE HAS TIAPRIDE IN THE TREATMENT OF HYPERKINETIC DISORDER IN CHILDREN
Priputnevich D.N., Kutashov V.A., Kuptsova D.O.
Abstract
The article presents the data on the effectiveness of atypical neuroleptics of tiaprid in the treatment of hyperkinetic behavior disorders in children. The high efficiency of monotherapy tiaprida hyperkinetic disorder.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):107-111
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COMPLEX TREATMENT OF COGNITIVE DISTURBANCES IN PATIENTS WITH ISCHEMIC STROKE IN THE LATE RECOVERY PERIOD WITH APPLICATION OF TRANSCRANIAL MAGNETIC STIMULATION
Rakhmanova A.A., Kutashov V.A., Ulyanova O.V.
Abstract
Vascular diseases of the brain (GM) - one of the leading causes of morbidity, mortality and disability in the Russian Federation (RF). In the Russian Federation, stroke develops annually in 450,000 people, of whom about 35% die in the acute period of the disease. In recent decades, there has been an increase in the frequency of cerebral strokes in young people, which is associated with changes in lifestyle, nutrition and chronic overstrain. Often after a stroke, in addition to the neurological deficit, patients have different disorders of higher brain functions. The article discusses the prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with ischemic stroke in the late recovery period. Conclusions are drawn about the necessity and expediency of using the method of transcranial magnetic stimulation in patients with ischemic stroke.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):112-116
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THE STATE OF HEALTH OF STUDENTS OF MEDICAL SCHOOL ACCORDING TO QUESTIONNAIRE
Rogozina M.A., Podvigin S.N., Azarova A.M.
Abstract
In psychology classes with the help of an anonymous questionnaire, first-year students of the medical University evaluated their physical and mental health on a five-point scale. Analysis of the questionnaire data showed that more than a third of students consider their mental and physical health "bad" or «very bad». Students called the causes of the low self-esteem: chronic physical illness, educational stress, lack of sleep. Feeling of constant fatigue, irritability, emotional instability, anxiety, depressed mood, lack of sleep have become a reason for low self-esteem mental health.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):117-121
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FACTORS AFFECTING ADEQUATE EVALUATION OF THE LEVEL OF DISTRIBUTION OF DEPRESSIVE DISORDERS
Samsonov A.S., Kutashov V.A.
Abstract
The article is devoted to a review of scientific sources that study the problem of the prevalence of depressive disorders among the population. The analysis of the literature data is carried out, the possible factors complicating an objective estimation of a situation are investigated. In conclusion, general conclusions are drawn regarding the prevalence of depression in the Russian Federation, the complexity of an adequate assessment of this parameter, as well as strategic solutions to this problem.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):122-127
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EMPTIONAL ABILITIES OF STUDENTS OF THE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
Stogova N.A.
Abstract
In this work, using the method "Diagnosis of the level of empathy" V. V. Boyko, the degree of manifestation of empathy among students of the Voronezh Medical University was studied. The prevalence (55,64%) of an understated level of empathy is established. The average and very low levels were detected in 23,39% and 20,97% of the students, respectively. The conclusion is made about the expediency of applying and improving the methods for organizing the spiritual and moral education of students in universities.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):128-133
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PSYCHIC AND SOMATIC CORRELATION IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE OCCURRING ON A BACKGROUND OF OBESITY
Teslinov I.V., Uskov V.M., Teslinova G.M.
Abstract
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Especially with severe consequences, the disease occurs in patients with a combination of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with increased weight. The aim of the work was to study psychosomatic correlations of improving the effectiveness of therapeutic and preventive measures in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with obesity. The study included 97 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, occurring against the background of obesity. Clinical, psychopathological, experimental and psychological methods were used, which included analysis of General anamnetic data, peculiarities of the course of the disease, description of psychopathological symptoms and syndromes, their dynamics in the course of therapy for a month. Experimental psychological methods assumed the use of questionnaires. Mental disorders in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbate the severity of the patient's condition, thus affecting the course and outcome of the underlying disease. Thus, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, occurring against the background
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):134-138
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RESEARCH OF SOME PSYCHOSOMATIC ASPECTS OF SKIN DISEASES IN ADOLESCENTS
Tikhonova A.A., Grechanyi S.V.
Abstract
20 adolescents were examined (mean age 14.95 ± 0.420 years) - patients of the skin clinic with the following diagnoses: psoriasis (6 people), atopic dermatitis (4 people), scleroderma (2 people), alopecia (3 persons) acne (5 people). It was shown that the average values of the scores of clinical scales (the scale of self-esteem of Beck depression for adolescents, the scale of obsessive-compulsive disorders of Yale-Brown) corresponded to the level at which there was no current psychopathological symptomatology. A family factor study using the FACES-3 technique revealed that in most patients the family was disconnected (except for patients with scleroderma and acne), which fits into the notion of conditionally adaptive family functioning. Family adaptation corresponded to a chaotic level, related to disadaptive forms of family functioning (except for patients with alopecia). The average value of the "Self-Body Satisfaction Scale" (SHUST) (80.5%) corresponded to the high index, which indicates a sufficient degree of satisfaction with one's own body. Lower scores were noted in the evaluation of segments such as "skin" (corresponding to the pathology profile of the patients examined), "face" and "teeth." However, there were no statistically significant differences between the different segments according to the Wilcoxon rank criteria. (P> 0.05). The average value of the scale "Assessment of the image of one's own body" (OOST) (median -12.0, wallmark-6) indicates an insignificant tendency to negative assessment of one's own body (this is not critical and diagnostic significance). The study of the correlation relationship (rank correlation of Spearman) revealed that the patients' age was inversely correlated with the mean value of the OST scale (ρ = -0.436, p = 0.055), that is, the positive self-body score in adolescents increased with age. The sum of points on the Beck scale moderately correlated back to the "Cohesion" scale (ρ = -0.460, р = 0.041) and SHUST (ρ = -0.610, р = 0.004). Thus, depressive symptoms in adolescents with cutaneous pathology are more pronounced with a high level of cohesion between family members and low satisfaction with one's own body.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):139-145
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PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS IN PATIENTS WITH SCATTERED SCLEROSIS (REVIEW OF LITERATURE)
Ulyanova O.V., Kostyleva M.V., Kutashov V.A.
Abstract
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) - the brain and spinal cord, characterized by the development of time-dispersed foci of demyelination and diffuse changes in brain tissue, which is clinically manifested by multifocal neurologic symptoms. MS is one of the most severe forms of organic damage to the nervous system that affects mostly young and working-age people, which leads to a decrease in their quality of life and the development of disability. Unfortunately, MS is not so easy to diagnose at the earliest stage. But some changes in the human psyche can become signs of a developing ailment. Often they are not considered a manifestation of the disease and relatives and close relatives of MS patients do not take them seriously, or are treated as disorders of a completely different nature.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):146-151
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THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF REHABILITATION OF CHILDREN WITH NEUROLOGIC DISEASES. CLINICAL CASE OF REHABILITATION OF THE CHILD WITH LOWER PARAPARESIS
Ulyanova O.V., Gogoleva E.A., Kutashov V.A.
Abstract
Recently in the Russian Federation (the Russian Federation), as well as all over the world, there has been an increase in the number of disabled people, and unfortunately also among children, which is an indicator of the deterioration of the health status of the population. Therefore, the prevention of childhood disability, the early rehabilitation of children with cerebral pathology goes beyond the purely medical problem and acquires the status of social. The article describes a clinical case of rehabilitation of a child with infantile cerebral palsy (cerebral palsy), a lower parapaperhesis of moderate severity under conditions of a rehabilitation department of a multi-profile pediatric hospital. It is shown that timely, systematic and comprehensive rehabilitation measures significantly improve the quality of life of a disabled child.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):152-156
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ALGORITHM OF MEDICAL AND REHABILITATION ACTIONS AT THE SHARP CORONARY SYNDROME PROCEEDING AGAINST THE BACKGROUND OF THE METABOLIC SYNDROME
Uskov V.M., Teslinov I.V.
Abstract
Coronary heart disease and the complicated myocardial infarction forms meets at men more often with the excess body weight at whom the amount of testosterone decreases with age. Significant assistance in a choice of the effective scheme of treatment is given by use of methods of the system analysis and mathematical modeling.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):157-162
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INFORMATION SUPPORT OF MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES, AUTOMATION OF PROCESS OF FORECASTING AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE CHOICE OF SCHEMES OF TREATMENT
Uskov V.M., Teslinov I.V., Teslinov V.A.
Abstract
Constantly collecting information and archival material sets the task to automate process of forecasting of development of a disease and a choice of the optimum scheme of treatment. The solution of these tasks allows to increase operability of biological and medical system, ways of management of them. The correct selection and preparation of statistical information is necessary. For researches of results of measurement one of the most suitable ways is Uilkokson's criterion
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):163-167
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MATHEMATICAL MODELING AS THE PROCESS OF APPROXIMATION TO REALITY IN THE STUDY OF THE PERFORMANCE OF HEALTH SYSTEMS
Uskov V.M., Teslinov I.V., Markova T.V.
Abstract
The mathematical model can appear as a result of the accurate formal description of rassmtarivayemy process. Any quantitative studying of process possibly only in case those sizes which fully characterize process from the quantitative point of view are defined.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):168-172
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POSTPARTUM AFFECTIVE DISORDERS IN WOMEN WITH HEALTHY NEWBORNS AND NON-HEALTHY CHILD IN THE DEPARTMENT OF NEONATAL PATHOLOGY
Fomenko A.N., Kozhadey E.V., Kozhadey S.V.
Abstract
Studied 113 women in the postpartum period (patients of the perinatal center of SPbSPMU). They were divided into 2 groups: 1st group - women (78 people), whose children were discharged in 3-6 days after birth (examination took place on an outpatient basis); 2d group - women (35 people), whose children were patients of the department of perinatal pathology during the period of investigation. All women were examined twice: first time within 10 days after childbirth, then one month after. Methods of the examination: clinical-anamnestic and clinical-psychopathological, included Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS); The Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS); the Snaith-Hamilton pleasure scale modified for clinician administration (SHAPS-C) and the version of the Mini-Mult adapted for Russia. Initial examination demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the results in both groups. According to EPDS severity grade (χ² = 0,884, р = 0,347), as well as The Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (χ² = 3,326, р = 0,334) and (χ² = 0,465, р = 0,793) respectively. Results obtained within further examination demonstrated significant differences between the severity level in the1st and 2nd groups. According to EPDS (χ² = 20,214, р = 0,0001), HADS- anxiety scale (χ² = 29,166, р = 0,0001) and depression (χ² = 18,459 , p = 0.0001). Thus, in the 1st group there was a tendency to decrease the severity level for all indicators. The Mini-Mult indicated the preference of the average value of the scale of "Psychasthenia" in the 1 st group, as in the 2nd group "Paranoia" scale. So, women who were for a long time in the department of neonatal pathology have a tendency to increase of severity or delay in the postpartum affective disorders manifestation, which may indicate a significant role of psychogenic factors in the disease development
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):173-184
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TREATMENT OF DEPRESSION USING COGNITIVE - BEHAVIORAL PSYCHOTHERAPY IN THE VRCPD IN THE DEPARTMENT OF BODERLINE STATES
Shamray A.B., Burkov O.M., Grechko T.Y.
Abstract
The article deals with the use of methods of cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy in a hospital, the effectiveness and forms of therapy.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):185-188
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COMPUTER DEPENDENCE OF CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS AND ADULTS (LITERATURE REVIEW)
Shishkov V.V., Kokurenkova P.A.
Abstract
The article describes some aspects of the computer dependence. The supposed causes and factors for the formation of the computer addiction were highlighted during working with literature on this topic. A lot of authors pay special attention to the portrait of the computer addiction. There are many opinions on the subject of computer dependence. Different views on this subject are given in this review. Based on the above, there are no perfect diagnostic methods. There are many questionnaires at the present, but they only help to diagnose computer addiction, and they are an auxiliary tool. Questionnaires are used after the diagnosis is actually put. Treatment of this type of the dependence is complex. It includes both the pharmacological component and non-pharmacological therapy.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):189-199
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STRUCTURE OF SCHIZOPHRENIA MORBIDITY IN VORONEZH
Shtankov S.I., Mytyga P.G., Mokhova E.S.
Abstract
The article analyzes the contingent of patients with schizophrenia who are admitted to a psychiatric hospital in Voronezh. The incidence of schizophrenia in the districts of the city was studied. The age and sex composition of patients entering treatment was studied. Conclusions are drawn about the need for organizational changes in the structure of psychiatric care in Voronezh.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):200-202
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CLINICAL CASE OF ATYPICAL COURSE OF PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA
Shtankov S.I., Azarov D.A., Pulavskaya K.S.
Abstract
Based on archival histories and dynamic observation of the patient, abnormal symptoms were identified for the course of paranoid schizophrenia. It is concluded that comprehensive examination and observation by specialists of different profiles is necessary.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):203-206
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THE REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM MENTAL HEALTH DISORDERS
Yarlykova T.V., Liventseva D.V., Lugovaya A.A., Zhivotiagina Z.M.
Abstract
The article presents the role and relationship between different forms of rehabilitation for people with mental health disorders by the example of creation of group of 6 and monitoring of it throughout the year.
Applied Information Aspects of Medicine (Prikladnye informacionnye aspekty mediciny). 2018;21(2):207-211
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