No 77 (2019)

Articles
A COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH TO THE ASSESSMENT OF ALIMENTARY-RELATED RISKS TO THE HEALTH OF THE WORKING POPULATION
Gorbachev D.O., Sazonova O.V., Borodina L.M., Gavryushin M.Y., Tupikova D.S., Frolova O.V., Kalinina N.V.
Abstract
According to the results of a comprehensive assessment of the actual nutrition and nutritional status of persons of working age revealed violations of the principles of nutrition: excessive consumption of fats, simple carbohydrates, added salt, violation of the regime and structure of nutrition. The contribution of protein to the caloric content of the diet was 11 %, total carbohydrates-48%, total fat-41%, added sugar-16 %, revealed a high probable risk of insufficient intake of vitamins B2, A, D, C. In workers with low physical activity indicators of nutritional status (BMI, amount of fat mass) according to bioimpedance were significantly higher compared to the group of workers with average physical activity. As a result of the study, risk groups for the development of alimentary-dependent diseases were formed, a program of preventive measures aimed at reducing the influence of alimentary factors on the development of diseases, including those caused by the correction of eating behavior, was proposed.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):3-7
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THE INTERRELATION OF THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT DISHARMONY AND MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS IN SCHOOLCHILDREN
Goncharova G.A., Skoblina N.A.
Abstract
A comprehensive longitudinal study of 220 Moscow schools students was conducted that allowed to trace their development from Grade 1 to Grade 11. The aim was to determine the interrelations between the physical development indicators and mental health problems of modern schoolchildren during the period of school ontogeny from the standpoint of an integrated approach. For this purpose we developed a rapid test method, based on a comprehensive survey of students, their parents and class teachers. Physical development was assessed by a standardized anthropometric method using standard tools. In case of physical development’ disharmony the number of mental health problems lead to suboptimal brain development increase. Harmonious physical development is a fundamental component for the optimal development of brain structures, their integration and the formation of mental health in general, that influences further socialization of students and further professional self-determination.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):8-11
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VISUAL IMPAIRMENT IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN. THE ROLE OF TEACHERS IN THE PREVENTION OF VISUAL DISEASES ANALYZER'S
Sokolova N.V., Kuliapkina E.P.
Abstract
This article reveals the hygienic aspects of the formation of visual impairment in students of educational institutions, the causes of their occurrence. The causes of visual impairment in school-age children are shown, as well as ways to improve preventive work. The study proved that 46% of respondents suffer from various visual impairment, which are associated with genetic predisposition and failure to prevent eye fatigue schoolchildren. For the prevention of diseases of the visual analyzer in schoolchildren, it is necessary to carry out General strengthening of the body, namely, observance of the correct day regimen, healthy sleep, rational nutrition, physical culture and sports.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):12-21
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TOPICAL ISSUES OF HEALTH DYNAMICS OF STUDENTS IN MODERN CONDITIONS OF EDUCATION
Kosobutskaya S.A., Kryuchkova A.V., Semynina N.M., Panina O.A., Shulga M.A.
Abstract
The article presents the data of research of psychological and pedagogical problems and dynamics of health of students in the period of study at the University. A comparative analysis of the level of mental tension of students in two time periods: after the holidays and before the session. And also the influence of the level of mental tension on the performance of students is estimated.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):22-26
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EVALUATION OF THE VEGETATIVE STATUS OF THE ORGANISM OF TRAINERS AS AN ASPECT OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF HEALTH-SAVING TECHNOLOGIES
Nenakhov I.G., Chernomor E.A., Zatsepina A.A., Styopkin Y.I.
Abstract
In the presented work, an assessment was made of the vegetative status of the organism of students of a medical university. The differences in the lability of the nervous system in students of the first and sixth courses of study are determined. Based on the data obtained, aspects of improving the health saving strategy at Voronezh State Medical University are proposed. The developed complex includes both traditional approaches to health conservation and approaches aimed at improving the adaptation of students of a medical university.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):27-34
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THE ROLE OF EATING BEHAVIOR IN THE FORMATION OF A HEALTHY LIFESTYLE
Kosobutskaya S.A., Kryuchkova A.V., Panina O.A., Poletaeva I.A., Kondusova Y.V.
Abstract
An analysis of the eating behaviour of the students of the first and fifth courses was carried out in order to identify the existing disorders, in particular the risk of metabolic disorders in mature age. Early detection is a necessary component in the formation of a healthy lifestyle. It has been found that the presence in freshmen of aspects of food behavior related to the risk of positive energy balance: "reaction to food," desire to drink frequently, "emotional overeating" increases the risk of obesity. By analyzing the number of risk factors in first and fifth year students, it can be assumed that freshmen are highly likely to have a risk of developing metabolic disorders at a more mature age. This suggests the need to strengthen healthy lifestyle promotion among junior students.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):35-39
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ANALYSIS OF SCHOOL MENU IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS WITH IN-DEPTH STUDY OF INDIVIDUAL SUBJECTS
Minko O.V., Gavryushin M.Y., Sazonova O.V., Borodina L.M.
Abstract
Nutrition of schoolchildren is one of the key areas of responsibility of educational organizations. This study shows the analysis of menu layouts in five schools with in-depth study of some subjects, as well as analyzed the data on the organization of food in these educational institutions, in order to determine the compliance of the data with sanitary standards. It is shown that the nutrition in the studied schools, taking into account the load on the nervous system of schoolchildren, does not correspond to physiological norms. The main indicators for which the discrepancy was revealed - the content of proteins, in particular, animals, fats and quality of carbohydrates. Data analysis of nutrition - namely, the scope, fitted kitchens and cupboards - no violations were found. Food coverage in the institutions studied was lower than in the region, and it was found that buffet products are popular among schoolchildren. Improving the monitoring of school meals is advisable in terms of increasing social subsidies, optimizing menu evaluation. For an objective analysis of school meals it is recommended to take into account the data of anthropometry and individual survey of students about the actual use of food, products, time spent at school, etc.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):40-44
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FEATURES OF CULTURE OF FOOD OF STUDENTS OF VARIOUS HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS OF G. OF VORONEZH
Grosheva E.S., Lapshina O.A., Shikhaliyeva K.D., Narayeva N.Y., Startseva S.V., Poletayeva I.A.
Abstract
The numerous scientific works noting that food of the studying youth most often is characterize by disturbance of the mode, imbalance on the major feedstuffs and micronutrients, a vitamin deficiency are in recent years devoted to a problem of food of pupils and students. The food problem at students owing to features of a way of life and catering services at the present stage is of particular importance.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):45-49
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QUESTION OF WATER SUPPLY OF POPULATION WITH QUALITY DRINKING WATER
Vasil'yeva M.V., Skrebneva A.V., Melikhova Y.P., Chernykh N.Y.
Abstract
The issue of drinking water pollution has become one of the most pressing issues today. In connection with the intensive development of industry and transport, an increasing number of harmful substances enter the hydrosphere, which negatively affect the sanitary-chemical and microbiological indicators of the quality of drinking water. As a result, the use of drinking water inadequate hygiene standards can adversely affect the health of the population.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):50-53
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CHARACTERISTIC OF DRINKING WATER QUALITY AND ITS INFLUENCE ON THE HEALTH CONDITION OF POPULATION OF SOME DISTRICTS OF THE RYAZAN REGION
Solovyev A.A., Dementiev A.A., Lyapkalo A.A., Kluchnikova N.M.
Abstract
Statistical processing was carried out by the method of variance analysis using the software package Statistica 6. Research results: The worst quality of drinking water of a centralized water supply system according to organoleptic indicators was observed in Skopin. The share of samples that do not meet the requirements of SanPiN 2.1.4.1074-01 by smell at 20 ° and 60 ° was 43.3% and 59.8%, respectively, and after taste - 54.6% and were of the greatest importance among the municipal formations (p <0.05). Non-compliance of the turbidity of drinking water with hygienic requirements (2.6 EMF) was most often recorded in the cities of Korablino, Skopin and Ryazhsk. Microbiological studies have shown that common coliform bacteria were found in drinking tap water only in the cities of Mikhailov, Ryazhsk and Skopin. On average, the highest level of the general incidence of intestinal infections was recorded among the children's population of Ryazhsk and amounted to 4340.1 ‰. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a comprehensive program to improve the quality of drinking water of centralized water supply systems in the municipalities of the Ryazan Region, including mitigation measures for the cities of Skopin and Mikhailov.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):54-60
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TO THE QUESTION OF THE RELATIONS OF THE POPULATION TO THE QUALITY OF WATER SUPPLY ON THE TERRITORY OF THE CITY OF VORONEZH
Nenakhov I.G., Boeva N.V.
Abstract
The article presents an assessment of the attitude of the population of the city of Voronezh and the region to the quality of water supply in populated areas. The study was conducted on 112 respondents using a sociological survey created at the Google-form site. Analysis of the data has helped to assess the attitude of the city’s population to the quality of water supply and the main problems faced by respondents when using water for drinking and household needs.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):61-64
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MORBIDITY WITH TEMPORARY DISABILITY OF THE POPULATION OF THE SAMARA REGION
Frolova O.V., Tupikova D.S., Gorbachev D.O., Sirotko I.I.
Abstract
The incidence of temporary disability of the population of the Samara region were analyzed. It is shown that among the young population under 40 years old the incidence of the circulatory system, blood and hematopoietic organs, respiratory organs and skin and subcutaneous fat tends to increase, and among the population over 40 years old increases infectious and parasitic diseases, diseases of the blood and hematopoietic organs, the incidence of the circulatory system
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):65-71
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COMPARATIVE HYGIENIC CHARACTERISTICS WORKING CONDITIONS OF MEDICAL WORKERS OF STATIONS EMERGENCY MEDICAL CARE IN MODERN CONDITIONS
Bolobonkina T.A., Dementiev A.A.
Abstract
Working conditions of medical workers of mobile teams of an emergency medical service are characterized by influence of a complex of the harmful factors negatively influencing health of workers. Measures to modernize health care, conducted in the last decade, have made significant changes in the professional activities of employees of the emergency medical service. The introduction of new regulations for the provision of emergency medical care to increase its quality and accessibility for the population, the increase in medical brigades and the percentage reduction of specialized teams led to the intensification of the labor process and increase the intensity of work of medical staff teams. Despite the improvement in the technical equipment of emergency medical teams with products made of modern materials that facilitate the physical component of the labor process, the severity of their work increased compared to the previous period due to the increase in the load in terms of the mass of the lifted and moved cargo manually when transporting patients on a stretcher. These phenomena are associated primarily with the personnel shortage in the industry and the reduction of positions of nurses mobile teams.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):72-77
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STUDY OF WORKING CONDITIONS OF MEDICAL WORKERS CITIES OF SAMARA
Tupikova D.S., Berezin I.I., Jestkov A.V., Sazonova O.V., Lyamin A.V.
Abstract
Objective: an analysis of the conditions and nature of the work of public health workers in the city of Samara, according to their own research and the results of a special assessment of working conditions for the development of preventive measures. Material and Methods. The study analyzed the results of assessing the factors of the production environment, such as microclimate and illumination in 70 rooms of two large medical institutions of the city of. Samara. An estimation of the qualitative and quantitative microbial composition of the air medium in the analyzed rooms was carried out. The analysis of registration cards for a special assessment of the working conditions of workplaces in the same organizations was carried out between 2012 and 2017. Results. In analyzing the conditions and nature of the work of medical workers, it was revealed that the final class of working conditions for doctors and nurses of surgical departments was 3.3, therapeutic 3.2 as a result of biological factors. At the same time, the air in the working area of the study rooms of the surgical and therapeutic sections differed significantly in the structure of the conditionally pathogenic microflora. Physical and chemical factors did not exceed the level of class 3.1-3.2. Conclusion. An analysis of the results of the studies showed the need to optimize ventilation in the ordinators and nurses, as well as the need to improve the quality of natural and artificial lighting. The expediency of standardization of the conditionally pathogenic microflora of the air environment in class B premises is shown.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):78-86
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ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS AWARENESS OF VACCINES AND VACCINATION IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES
Startseva S.V., Varaeva N.Y., Shikhalieva K.D., Grosheva E.S., Poletaeva I.A., Trofimova N.V., Lozinskaya Y.A.
Abstract
The article presents an analysis of the results of a survey of students from different countries studying at RSMU. N. N. Burdenko, to establish the level of awareness about vaccines and vaccine prophylaxis among students. Recommendations for the promotion of vaccination companies among young people.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):87-91
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HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF HUMAN LIFE EXPECTANCY
Skrebneva A.V., Vasilyeva M.V., Melikhova E.P.
Abstract
Studying wildlife, scientists, to a greater extent biologists and genetics, came to the conclusion that the period from the birth of an animal to its maturation, depending on the species, ranges from 1/7 to 1/14 of the total life expectancy. Therefore, it is easy to calculate that if a person grows up to an average of 22 years, then his life expectancy should be about 154 years. The paper considers risk factors for premature aging of the human body. The authors of the article, according to official statistics, conducted a comparative analysis of demographic aging indicators between the Voronezh region and the Russian Federation as a whole.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):92-95
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LONG PROFESSIONAL LIFE - LONG ROAD (in memory of Anatoly Stepanovich Faustov)
Popov V.I., Melikhova E.P., Libina I.I., Chernykh N.Y., Vasilieva M.V., Skrebneva A.V.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the life and work of the Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation, Professor, Doctor of Medical Sciences Faustov Anatoly Stepanovich.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):96-99
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ANATOLY STEPANOVICH FAUSTOV - SCIENTIST, TEACHER, LEADER (TO THE 90TH ANNIVERSARY OF HIS BIRTH)
Fertikova T.E.
Abstract
In 2019 marks the 90th anniversary of the birth of a doctor of medical sciences, an honorary professor of the Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical University, Honored Worker of the Higher School of the Russian Federation Anatoly Stepanovich Faustov. The article presents the author's memories of Professor A.S. Faustov, notes his contribution to the pedagogical, scientific and social life of the University.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):100-105
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ABOUT POKROVSKY - A POET AND A HYGIENIST
Chernykh N.Y., Vasilieva M.V., Melikhova E.P.
Abstract
October 14, 2019 marks the 110th anniversary of the birth of Vadim Alekseevich Pokrovsky, hygienist, toxicologist, poet, doctor of medical sciences, professor, tracked scientist of the RSFSR. The article contains little-known facts of his biography.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):106-110
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PROFESSOR-HYGIENIST DE- GEORGES IN THE HISTORY OF VSMU. N. N. BURDENKO
Libina I.I., Melikhova E.P., Podosinnikova D.A., Popov M.V.
Abstract
The paper shows the way of becoming a scientist-hygienist De-George. The authors describe in detail the years of study of De-George, the scientific path of the scientist and researcher of the hygienist.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):111-115
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HISTORY OF SANITARY-HYGIENE DIRECTION IN THE MEDICINE AND THE ROLE OF M.A.KAPUSTIN IN DEVELOPMENT OF THEIS DIRECTION
Malikova A.A.
Abstract
This article initiate of the formationsanitary-hygiene direction in province of Voronez 1880-1896 years and the role of M.A. Kapustin in the development of this direction.The knowlrdges hygienes among population are in this article.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):116-121
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NIKOLAI LUNIN - THE FOUNDER OF VITAMINOLOGY AND THE SCIENTIST WHO SIGNIFICANTLY CONTRIBUTED TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE FOOD HYGIENE
Nenakhov I.G.
Abstract
The article tells about Nikolai Ivanovich Lunin, the Russian scientist who was engaged in the issues of medicine and biochemistry and discovered in the science the presence of the unknown substances in food necessary for the normal functioning of the body. These substances were later named “vitamins”. Thus, Nikolai Ivanovich Lunin became the first scientist in the world, the founder of the vitaminology - the science on vitamins. It was the doctrine of the vitamins that became the further stimulus to the development of food hygiene as one of the most important sections of the preventive discipline.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):122-125
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THE FACTS FROM HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT AND FORMATION OF THE PSYCHOHYGIENE: CONTRIBUTION OF DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN SCIENTISTS
Grosheva E.S., Shikhaliyeva K.D., Trofimova N.V., Narayeva N.Y., Startseva S.V., Poletayeva I.A.
Abstract
Loss of the importance of a psychohygiene as sciences can lead to disturbance of relationship of the person with the environment surrounding it and cause growth of number of mental diseases in human society.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2019;(77):126-130
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