No 80 (2020)

Articles
DERMATOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME IN THE FIRST TRIMESTER OF PREGNANCY
Enkova V.V., Olina A.A., Dontsova E.V., Khoperskaya O.V.
Abstract
The relevance of studying dermatological manifestations of excess androgens is due to three main factors: the widespread and steady growth of hyperandrogenic conditions, the psychotraumatic effect of reflection in the mirror on the patient, and the potential threat of a serious endocrine disorder, for which external manifestations are only the peak of the iceberg. The research studied dermatological manifestations in pregnant patients with polycystic ovary syndrome, as well as their relationship with indicators of carbohydrate metabolism, micronutrient status, and women's psycho-emotional state. Data analysis showed that the dermatological aspect is a significant cause of psycho-emotional disorders in patients with polycystic ovary syndrome. The reasons that lead to such mental disorders are clear: cosmetic manifestations of the disease, excess body weight or obesity, irregular menstrual cycle, infertility, the threat of gestational complications, as well as unpleasant long-term consequences of endocrinopathy. Pregnant patients with normal indicators of metabolism and micronutrient status have a lower frequency and severity of skin manifestations of the disease, as well as low rates of neurotism, anxiety and depressive disorders, which indicates the need for mandatory pregravidar training.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):3-9
views
EFFECT OF PHYSICAL CULTURE ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE AND EXTERNAL RESPIRATION OF STUDENTS
Abbasov A.R., Dimitrenko N.A., Markin D.A., Tyunina O.I., Bayeva Y.S.
Abstract
The thesis discusses the results of physical сulture effect on the parameters of physical performance and external respiration of students. It was found that in the group combining Nordic walking with a swimming pool, there was a statistically significant increase in the indicators of physical performance and maximum oxygen consumption (girls). Combining of the pool activities with Nordic walking contributed to increasing parameters of external respiration (VCL, ERV, IRV) in both boys and girls groups. The revealed features of the respiratory system response to systematic physical activity indicate compensatory mechanisms for involving the body's functional reserves in the recovery process.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):10-15
views
ASSESSMENT OF CARDIORESPIRATORY STATUS OF STUDENTS IN CONDITIONS OF DOSED PHYSICAL EXERTION
Bayeva Y.S., Zamanov A.A., Kashin A.D., Dorokhov Y.V.
Abstract
The results of research of the cardiorespiratory status of the second year students studied at the medical and pediatric faculties of the Burdenko state medical University are presented. Based on the both spirometric examination and the data from hypoxic tests, a decrease in the degree of students’ adaptation to physical activity was revealed. The obtained results indicate a decrease in the overall adaptive potential of young people, and dictate the need for timely monitoring of the students’ health as well as increasing their level of physical activity.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):16-21
views
THE PERMEABILITY OF THE INTESTINE IN ALLERGIC DISEASES
Berdnikov A.A., Bavykina I.A., Zvyagin A.A.
Abstract
The article presents current literature data on the state of intestinal permeability in children with allergic diseases. Experimental works and clinical studies confirming the presence of a pathogenetic relationship between the state of the gastrointestinal tract are considered. There are scientific papers that study the functional state of the intestine in atopy, and the results of the use of correction of gastrointestinal disorders as an additional method of therapy for allergic diseases.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):22-27
views
PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS SCHOOL READINESS FOR OLDER PRESCHOOL CHILDREN
Ivanova P.V., Zaytseva N.O., Tomilova E.A.
Abstract
The purpose of the present study was psychophysiological diagnosis of readiness for schooling of older preschool children. To achieve this goal, the following techniques were used: a comprehensive assessment of child health, the Philippine test, the Kern-Yirasek test, the leading hand test and an in-depth diagnostic examination. As a result of the monitoring, more than half of the examined pupils successfully coped with the testing according to the criterion, while the Kern-Jirasek test caused difficulties. When analyzing the socio-psychological test, children showed high results in given questions. In general, psychophysiological diagnosis showed that all children are ready for school education, correspond to formal age and do not have medical contraindications.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):28-31
views
ANALYSIS OF REGISTER DATA OF WOMEN SUFFERING FROM CHRONIC HEART FAILURE
Kudashova E.A., Isaeva Y.V.
Abstract
Monitoring of patients with a triad of diagnoses: chronic heart failure, arterial hypertension, coronary heart disease, determination of patterns, the formation of a portrait of a patient with the above diagnoses.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):32-40
views
ANALYSIS OF THE CLINICAL CASE OF A PATIENT WITH SYSTEM ANCA-ASSOCIATED VASCULITIS
Mochalina V.V., Ledneva V.S., Ulyanova L.V., Moshurova L.V., Ivannikova A.S., Pochatkova G.I.
Abstract
In recent years, there has been a decrease in the incidence of systemic vasculitis, which indicates obvious progress in the diagnosis of this disease. ANCA-associated vasculitis is a serious, unfavorable disease with incorrect diagnosis and late age. This article describes the clinical case of ANCA-associated vasculitis in a child of 8 years old. Diagnosis of this case was timely, a kidney biopsy was performed as soon as possible, and treatment was started in a timely manner. Therapy of ANCA-associated vasculitis is complex, consists of several stages, is carried out for life. Patients with ANCA-associated vasculitis combined with kidney damage need constant monitoring by a nephrologist and rheumatologist. The given clinical case shows that the disease and timely diagnosis of disease.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):41-44
views
WHAT PROMOTES ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE
Moshurova L.V., Ledneva V.S., Glagoleva V.A., Matveeva T.A.
Abstract
The problem of antibiotic resistance (ADB) is gaining momentum worldwide. This applies equally to highly developed and industrialized as well as developing countries.In recent years, ADB has been observed not only in hospital strains, but also among pathogens causing community-acquired infections [1,2,3]. The reasons for the development of resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics are diverse, among them a significant place is occupied by irrationality, the fallacy of the use of drugs. In this regard, in 2001, the document “WHO Global Strategy for the Control of Antibiotic Resistance” was adopted. The article analyzes the validity of the appointment of antibacterial drugs (ABP) in children of the first seven years of life against the background of acute respiratory infections at the outpatient stage in order to identify the causes of ADB formation. The widespread spread of bacteria resistant to ABP should alert not only doctors of all specialties, pharmacologists, but also the population.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):45-48
views
FEATURES OF FINGER DERMATOGLYPHICS OF TEST SUBJECTS WITH DIFFERENT LEVELS OF AGGRESSIVENESS
Nechaeva M.S., Kalaev V.N., Kalaeva E.A., Mikhailenko M.E., Moklyakova K.A.
Abstract
The study of dermetoglyphic drawings of fingers was carried out among the test subjects with different levels of aggressiveness. Persoas with higher aggresiveness had a higher crest count on the first, second, third fingers of the right hand, fingers of the left hand. And, as a result, they had a higher total crest count on the right, lett and both hends together than people with low aggressiveness. More aggressive test subjects also had more ulnar loops on their left hand, the total number of ulnar loops radial loops on the left hand than persons with low levels of on the first, fourth, titth on both hands and fewer aggressiveness. A positive correlation of the level of aggressiveness was revea led with the ridge count, the number of radial loops, pockets, double loops. 7 predictors of increased aggressiveness in humans were distinguished: ridge count on 1 and 4 fingers of the left hand, 3 fingers of the right hand, total ridge count on the left, right and both hands, the number of ulnar loops on the left hand. The identifiers will be the crest count on the 4th finger of the right hand, the total crest count on the left, right and both hands, the discriminators will be the crest score on the 1st finger of the left hand, on the 3rd finger of the right hand. Thus, a high crest count and revealed differences in the finger ares, ulnar loops, patterns can be a dermatoglyphic marker of a tendency to aggressive human behaviour.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):49-55
views
THE INFLUENCE OF ANTIOXIDANTS ON THE INDUCTION OF MICRONUCLEI IN RATS’ BLOOD ERYTHROCYTES IN CHEMOTHERAPY AND GAMMA IRRADIATING
Nechaeva M.S., Preobrazhenskaya N.S., Gudkov N.Y., Shchedrin D.E.
Abstract
The possibility of indirect evaluation of the activity of means of protection on the reproductive system by means of micronuclear test of rat peripheral blood erythrocytes, which allows preliminary screening studies of pharmacological activity with the least loss has been studied. The goal of research was the comparison of experimental models of ovarian deficiency using a micronuclear test of rat peripheral blood erythrocytes. The result of the studies showed that ovarian deficiency induced by irradiation influences the genetic stability of animals. In the peripheral blood of irradiated animals a higher content of erythrocytes with micronuclei was detected than in the control group of animals that were not exposed to radiation. The modulating effect of antioxidant compositions of complex structure was not observed. We recommend the micronuclear test of peripheral blood as a method of comparing experimental models of rat ovarian deficiency.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):56-61
views
BIOELECTRIC CONDUCTION OF CHEWING MUSCLES IN PATIENTS WITH TEMPOROMANDIBULAR DYSFUNCTION
Kosolapova I.V., Dorokhov E.V., Kovalenko M.E., Krivtsova I.O.
Abstract
The results of the study demonstrate positive dynamics in change of bioelectric conduction of chewing muscles after the course of treatment of percutaneous electrical nerve stimulation in patients with dysfunction of temporomandibular joint. The study was conducted in 2 stages: before the start of treatment and after the end of treatment. The results of the electromyographic study show a high efficiency of using the method of transdermal electroneuromyostimulation in normalizing the activity of chewing muscles in patients with temporomandibular dysfunction.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):62-67
views
FEATURES OF INDICATORS OF SIMPLE VISUAL AND MOTOR REACTION, ATTENTION, MEMORY AND ADAPTATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES AT MEDICAL STUDENTS DURING THE TRAINING SEMES
Gorbatenko N.P., Yapryntseva O.A., Kravtsova A.V., Dorohov E.V.
Abstract
Presented the results of the analysis of indicators of simple visual-motor reaction, attention and memory, as well as the index of functional changes according to Baevsky of the second year students studied at the medical faculty of the Burdenko state medical University during the winter session and after the winter holidays. The results of the examination revealed a decrease in adaptive capabilities, functional activity of the central nervous system (CNS., working capacity and attention, the development of fatigue, and an increase in inhibition processes during the exams.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):68-74
views
PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STUDENTS’ ADAPTABILITY TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS AT THE MEDICAL UNIVERSITY
Bayeva Y.S., Kaicko A.D., Astashchenko A.P.
Abstract
The thesis discusses the formation of a favorable psychological climate and adaptability of students in the educational environment. The results of assessing the psychological well-being and life satisfaction of students studying in the second year of medical and pediatric faculties of the medical University are considered. It was found that the young men of both faculties are characterized by a realistic outlook on life, but in general by more pessimistic attitude compared to female subjects, for whom a less meaningful attitude to life was revealed. The average indicators of general psychological well-being and life satisfaction among the students of both faculties were noted.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):75-81
views
CHANGES IN STUDENTS MENTAL PERFORMANCE AS AN INDICATOR OF MENTAL HEALTH
Ponkratova T.V., Pershina A.E., Tunina O.I., Astashchenko A.P., Dorokhov E.V.
Abstract
The article presents an assessment of the mental performance of students of the 2nd year of training, the state of verbal memory in accordance with the vegetative status. The subjects were characterized by a high level of short-term memory (word reproduction was 8-9, which corresponds to the norm). The instability of attention detected in some students is presumably associated with excitement and experience during the response (expressed in the group of "sympathotonics"). In the study group of students, there were no subjects with reduced functional mobility of the nervous system. In our experiment, 88% of the subjects had a high or above average level of mental productivity. The use of the "Landolt Ring" method helped to determine the presence of a high speed of information processing, highlight the multidirectional accuracy of work (with moderate fatigue and its increase), as well as high productivity of mental work in students. These studies can be taken into account when working with a group of full-time students, as well as used in teaching practice by a teacher.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):82-88
views
RELATIONSHIP OF PSYCHOMETRIC AND VEGETATIVE INDICATORS IN COURSE OF EDUCATIONAL LOAD EXECUTION
Astashchenko A.P., Komissarova O.V., Dorokhov Y.V., Komissarov S.A., Nikonenko D.S.
Abstract
The results of research demonstrate the relationship between anxiety level, hostility and vegetative stress indicators (regulation of cardiac activity, blood glucose level. in young healthy subjects in the learning process. The study was in 2 stages: non-session period and during the session (exams.. The examination period of study was accompanied by changes (increase. in students' autonomic indicators, such as: heart rate, vagosympathetic index, blood glucose level. However, it is noted that psycho-emotional characteristics, such as anxiety and hostility, corresponded to high levels compared with the norm throughout all stages of the study in the learning process. It is shown a high positive correlation between the level of student’s anxiety and hostility.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):89-93
views
INFLUENCE OF THE ANXIETY LEVEL ON FORMATION OF TEACHING MOTIVATION IN TEACHERS OF SENIOR CLASSES
Yapryntseva O.A., Pozhidaeva D.N., Mikhailuk Y.K., Gorbatenko N.P.
Abstract
This article presents the results of a study of the level of situational and personal anxiety in students of 10th grade. The relationship between the level of anxiety and motivation for learning is revealed. he results showed that a high level of anxiety reduces the motivation to learn and, conversely, low anxiety contributes to the student's motivation and confidence. Undisputed is the need to monitor the psycho-emotional state of students to improve the quality of education and the formation of motivation for the educational process.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(80):94-97
views

This website uses cookies

You consent to our cookies if you continue to use our website.

About Cookies