No 79 (2020)

Articles
ABOUT INTERDEPARTMENTAL INTERACTION IN THE FIELD OF FORMATION OF THE PREVENTIVE ENVIRONMENT IN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS IN THE TERRITORY OF VORONEZH REGION
Esaulenko I.E., Popov V.I., Petrova T.N.
Abstract
An informational and educational model of interagency cooperation has been scientifically substantiated and developed in terms of the formation of a preventive environment in educational institutions in the territory of the Voronezh region, which involves combining the efforts of the education system, healthcare, the public and special structures involved in solving health problems. The implementation of the project in the educational process has brought positive results in the formation of children's skills of maintaining and strengthening health, and has led to the reassessment by children of their lifestyle in connection with a change in their ideas about a healthy lifestyle and its role in maintaining health.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):3-8
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INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERACTION IN THE DIAGNOSIS OF SCOLIOTIC DISEASE
Vasiliev V.A., Begidova T.P.
Abstract
The article discusses the main diagnostic methods for scoliotic disease used in medicine and physical education. The importance of interagency interaction is emphasized, since scoliotic disease is a complex problem at the junction of physical education and medicine. Often, the effective organization of the training process by physical therapy specialists becomes impossible due to the absence or poor quality of medical diagnostics: visual inspection and radiographs with a description.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):9-15
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FEATURES OF USE OF ELECTRONIC MEANS OF COMMUNICATION TRAINED BY HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS
Gritsinf O.P., Anishchenko E.B., Trankovskaya L.V., Tarasenko G.A., Polezhaeva D.O.
Abstract
The relevance and purpose of this study, which consisted in studying the features of using electronic means of communication, the day regime of students of higher educational institutions of Vladivostok, is determined. The preferences of modern young people in the use of various electronic means of communication, the frequency and duration of their operation are studied, the types of activities when working with electronic gadgets, the well-being of respondents are analyzed.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):16-21
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PREVENTIVE DIRECTION IN EVALUATING THE HEALTH OF CHILDREN BEFORE ENTRANCE TO SCHOOL
Dorokhina A.A., Vasil'eva M.V., Dorokhin S.A.
Abstract
The foundation of human health is laid in childhood. According to the literature, the deterioration of the health status of schoolchildren is observed from the younger to the senior classes, mainly due to an increase in the number of people with chronic diseases. Based on this unfavorable trend, there is an urgent need to maintain and strengthen the health of the young generation, primarily at the preschool stage and during school.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):22-26
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PROBLEMS OF SLEEP DISORDERS IN CHILDREN AND THEIR PREVENTION
Izotova L.V., Sokolova N.V.
Abstract
Reveals the problems of sleep disorders in modern schoolchildren caused by a number of reasons: insufficient duration, violations of biological rhythms, stress, etc. the description of various types of sleep disorders in children and adolescents is Given. Some materials the quality of sleep the students of 9 th grade, a correlation between the quality of sleep with anxiety level of adolescents. The main directions of preventive work are defined.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):27-32
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PHYSICAL CULTURE OF PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN WITH POSITION DISORDERS
Korolev P.Y.
Abstract
The article considers the possibility of using a special gymnastics complex for the correction and formation of correct posture in children of preschool age in the conditions of optional classes in the system of additional education.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):33-37
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IMPLEMENTATION OF THE INTERDEPARTMENTAL APPROACH IN THE ORGANIZATION OF HEALTH CARE OF STUDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF COLLEGE IN THE SVERDLOVSK REGION
Kazantseva A.V., Anufrieva E.V.
Abstract
The article presents an analysis of the availability and quality of medical care provided to college students during their studies. The assessment of indicators of pathological lesion according to the results of a preventive medical examination. The prevalence of health risk factors was studied on the basis of a student survey. Methods for improving preventive work in college are proposed.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):38-43
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MEDICO-SOCIAL AND HYGIENIC ASPECTS OF THE FORMATION OF VISUAL DISORDERS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN AND WAYS TO IMPROVE THE PREVENTIVE WORK OF TEACHERS
Kuliapkina E.P., Sokolova N.V.
Abstract
This article reveals the hygienic aspects of the formation of visual impairment in students of educational institutions, the causes of their occurrence. The causes of visual impairment in school-age children are shown, as well as ways to improve preventive work. The study proved that 46% of respondents suffer from various visual impairment, which are associated with genetic predisposition and failure to prevent eye fatigue schoolchildren. For the prevention of diseases of the visual analyzer in schoolchildren, it is necessary to carry out General strengthening of the body, namely, observance of the correct day regimen, healthy sleep, rational nutrition, physical culture and sports.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):44-49
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RESULTS OF EVALUATION OF SCHOOL MEALS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF SAMARA
Minko O.V., Gavryushin M.Y., Sazonova O.V., Borodina L.M.
Abstract
The diet plays an important role in the development of children and provides an optimal level of the body's response to the influence of various exogenous factors. A special role is played by the usefulness of the diet during the period of children's education in school, due to the need to prevent the negative impact of factors in the educational environment. The analysis of the school diet in 57 educational organizations of the city of Samara was carried out, during which the nutritional value and nutrition structure were analyzed separately for single and double meals. It is shown that a single school meal was characterized by an excess content of high-carbohydrate products, and the nutritional value of a double meal included an excess of protein and fat components. It is necessary to optimize the monitoring of nutrition in educational institutions and timely detection of children with eating disorders in order to prevent the development of alimentary-dependent diseases.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):50-55
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INFLUENCE OF MOTOR ACTIVITY ON FUNCTIONAL INDICATORS AND PHYSICAL STATE OF THE SCHOOLCHILDREN'S ORGANISM
Nebolsina E.D., Sokolova N.V.
Abstract
This article discusses the problem of low motor activity of modern schoolchildren, as well as the effect of this on the physical condition of the body. To assess the functional state of the body of adolescents, physical activity was used as a disturbing factor. The results of the functional tests show that the indicators of the physical condition of schoolchildren leading a sedentary lifestyle are much worse, namely: there are disturbances in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):56-59
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ON THE NEED TO IMPROVE INTER-AGENCY COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF HEALTH CARE FOR CHILDREN, ADOLESCENTS AND YOUNG PEOPLE
Popov V.I., Chicherin L.P., Shchepin V.O.
Abstract
Some issues related to the organization and improvement of inter-agency cooperation in the field of health care for children, adolescents and young people were considered. An analysis of legislative, regulatory and organizational approaches in the activities of various institutions, departments and structures is provided in order to justify the need for comprehensive coordinated actions towards improving indicators of quality of life, forming a healthy lifestyle, eliminating the negative impact of harmful habits and minimizing the level of impact risk factors. The relevance and role of scientific research carried out within the framework of inter-agency cooperation is shown, and the main positions for the implementation of actions aimed at optimizing processes and phenomena affecting the health of children and young people are identified.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):60-64
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GERMINATED FLAXSEED CRISPBREAD - HEALTHY FOOD
Ponomareva E.I., Alekhina N.N., Gubareva J.P., Tereshchenko D.A.
Abstract
The article discusses modern aspects of preventing the incidence of socially significant noncommunicable diseases. The authors analyzed the number of patients among children aged 0-14 years with a diagnosis established for the first time in their life. A 15.3% increase in cases was detected in 2008-2018. Since nutrition plays an important role in the prevention of diseases, the authors developed a new type of bread from germinated flax seeds (flax) for a healthy snack in the school diet.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):65-69
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ANALYSIS OF THE STATE OF STUDENTS HEALTH AND DETERMINATION OF THEIR BIOLOGICAL AGE
Skrebneva A.V., Vasilyeva M.V., Melikhova E.P.
Abstract
The article is devoted to assessing the individual health of students, determining the biological age. The determination of the biological age of students was carried out by the method of V.P. Voitenko. Health assessment was carried out according to the questionnaire, the results of physiological indicators and biological age. For questioning, the questionnaire “Subjective Health Assessment” was used. The study participants were divided into two groups: boys and girls. Processing of the obtained data was carried out using the Excel program. In conclusion, the authors conducted a comparative analysis of the two groups by biological age.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):70-73
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FEATURES OF THE STATE OF HEALTH OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS OF THE VORONEZH REGION, MAIN DIRECTIONS OF PREVENTION
Tikhonova Y.L., Milushkina O.Y.
Abstract
The article discusses the incidence rates of the child population of the Voronezh region in comparison with the figures for the Central Federal District (CFD) and the Russian Federation for 2012-2017. The data on the general morbidity and on individual nosologies were analyzed: anemia, obesity, malignant diseases, diseases of the digestive and respiratory system, mental disorders, non-psychotic disorders and behavioral syndromes of childhood and adolescence. Ways of preventing the health problems of children and adolescents are proposed.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):74-80
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HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF THE ACTUAL NUTRITION OF THE ADOLESCENT POPULATION IN USSURIYSK IN 2014 AND 2017
Yamilova O.Y., Kovalchuk V.K., Saenko A.G.
Abstract
The results of population studies of the actual nutrition of the adolescent population showed a tendency to reduce the energy intensity of diets due to the change in the traditional pattern of food consumption. The average daily consumption of carbohydrates by adolescents has been reduced by 40% compared to physiological standards due to a decrease in the diet of bread, bakery products, vegetables that caused decrease in vitamin Е and В2 twice at boys and by 2.7 times at girls respectively. Marked imbalance of basic food substances due to increased consumption of sausage products with reduced consumption of milk and milk products.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2020;(79):81-87
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