No 78 (2019)

Articles
RODENTS AS THE MAIN SOURCE OF HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME AND CONTROL AGAINST THEM
Knyazeva V.A., Mamchik N.P., Samodurova N.Y., Belova L.V.
Abstract
About two hundred thousand people get sick HFRS every year in the world, moreover the Russian Federation has the leading position. The Voronezh region is an endemic area for HFRS. The disease causes serious socio-economic damage, because among the sick people men of working age more prevalent. Epizootological monitoring of populations of different species of rodents, including the identification of age and sex composition, number, infection, distribution in different areas, reproductive capacity, is an important part of preventive measures. On the basis of this is determined by the size, type and timing of disinfection and deratization measures. Fight against the distribution of HFRS should be primarily oriented at breaking stable circulation of the hantaviruses in the focus of infection.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):3-9
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PREVENTION OF DISADAPTION OF MEMBERS OF NON-STATE CIVIL DEFENCE FORMATIONS
Masalytin A.V., Sklyarov T.J., Bykova S.O., Golovina A.A., Latysh A.I., Mocrousova T.A., Ponomarev V.I.
Abstract
The work is devoted to the study of adaptation to the educational group and educational activities of students-members of non-state civil defense formations under increased load, in particular, during command and staff exercises. The method of investigation was chosen by T.D. Dubovitskaya. The results reflected that after the command and staff training there was an increase in the number of students with a high and medium level of adaptation to the training group, but a decrease in the number of students with a high level of adaptation to the training activities. In carrying out the event, students were brought together as much as possible and focused on specific tasks in the team, which on the one hand contributed to their increased adaptation to the educational group, and on the other hand led to reduced adaptation to the educational activities. The article also discusses ways to prevent the state of disadaptation in the participants of the study.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):10-14
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THE RELEVANCE OF MEDICAL CARE FOR MENTAL DISORDERS IN CASE OF ACCIDENT
Mehatieva L.E., Nikulina L.A., Mokhova E.V., Sklyarova T.P., Petrova A.V., Il'ichev V.P.
Abstract
The article discusses the features of mental reactions of people affected by road accidents (RTA). Every year the number of road accidents remains approximately at the same level. An accident is an acute stress factor in 100% of cases and can be a trigger for mental disorders. The influence of character on the formation of a pathological reaction is shown. The author used the scale of the Hamilton anxiety, Luscher test, abbreviated multidisciplinary questionnaire of personality (TAR). The majority of road accident participants (66%) respond to the incident with maladaptive reactions, 34 % of road accident participants responded with adaptive reactions. Medical assistance to road accident participants is complex and includes a psychotherapeutic approach in the first hours after an emergency, with insufficient effectiveness of psychotherapy, psychopharmacotherapy is used.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):15-18
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THE STUDY OF THE RELATIONSHIP OF ANXIETY LEVEL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS WITH THEIR LEARNING ACHIEVEMENT
Mekhant'eva L.E., Masalytin A.V., Sklyarova T.P., Kireeva K.V., Petrova A.V.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of increasing the level of anxiety among young people and describes the relevance and significance of what is going on. The challenge is to identify the relationship between anxiety and progress of students at the medical university. The study was carried out using the methodology of G. Taylor in addition V.G. Norakidze. Scoring scores were used to calculate learning achievement. The data (information) obtained from the work show that there is a relationship between levels of students' anxiety and learning achievement which has a meetings character in the medium and high levels of anxiety.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):19-23
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RESULTS OF ANALYSIS OF MEDICAL ASSISTANCE ASSESSMENT AT ROAD TRANSPORT ACCIDENTS IN THE TERRITORY OF THE LIPETSK REGION
Mekhantyeva L.E., Sklyarova T.P., Enin A.V., Letnikova Y.B.
Abstract
The number of road accidents (crashes) that led to the death of people has remained consistently high for many years. In the Russian Federation, about 20,000 people die on roads every year, which corresponds to the population of a small city. On the territory of the Lipetsk region in the period 2013-2017. the majority of fatal accidents occurred outside the city limits and in 90% of cases are related to non-observance of traffic rules. Two thirds of those killed on the spot during the first 30 minutes were injured incompatible with life, but 1/3 of the victims could have survived with timely and proper first aid. Therefore, the decisive role is often played by self-help, mutual assistance, as well as assistance provided by traffic police officers who find themselves near the place of the accident. In the Lipetsk region, there are trauma centers of 3 levels, among which trauma centers of the 3rd level are the least equipped for carrying out complex surgical interventions. In this regard, patients with multiple, combined, neurotrauma, it is advisable to deliver to the emergency centers of the 2nd and 1st level, subject to the rule of the "golden hour". Proved the effectiveness of child restraints for the prevention of injury in road accidents, and therefore recommended their active use.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):24-29
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ANALYSIS OF MORBIDITY OF POPULATION OF THE VORONEZH REGION OF MENINGOCOCCAL INFECTION
Nanieva S.V., Kameneva O.V., Mamchik N.P., Belova L.V.
Abstract
The features of the epidemic process of meningococcal infection in the territory of the Voronezh region since the 1940s have been analyzed, and the system of preventive and anti-epidemic measures carried out at this stage has been evaluated. Proposals have been made to reduce the risk of morbidity of this nosological form, based on the increase in the immune layer of the population.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):30-34
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ON THE USE OF NON-MEDICAMENTAL METHODS OF CORRECTION OF SPEECH DISORDERS IN PEDIATRIC PRACTICE
L'ichev V.P., Il'icheva M.V., Mehantieva L.E.
Abstract
The article shows the experience of using such methods of non-drug correction of speech disorders in pediatric practice as transcranial micropolarization of the brain and bioacoustic correction. The authors show changes in the total bioelectric activity of the brain in persons with speech disorders in the process of combined effects of transcranial micropolarization and bioacoustic correction techniques.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):35-40
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INFORMATION HYGIENE AS A NECESSARY SECTION OF THE HYGIENE OF CHILDREN AND TEENAGERS
Nenakhov I.G., Yakimova I.A.
Abstract
The paper studies the data of scientific literature on the formation of computer dependence in children and adolescents as a result of excessive contact with computers, gadgets and the Internet. We have identified the main risks of psychological and physiological development of children and adolescents who are in contact with gadgets from early or adolescence. The role of informational hygiene as a section of the hygiene of children and adolescents in the prevention of computer addiction of children and adolescents is assessed. Recommendations for the development of regulatory documents regulating the interaction of children with gadgets and personal computers are offered.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):41-46
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PECULIARITIES OF THE COURSE OF INFLUENZA EPIDEMIC IN THE TERRITORY OF THE VORONEZH REGION
Prokofieva V.A., Mamchik N.P., Kameneva O.V., Belova L.V.
Abstract
The peculiarities of the epidemic process of influenza in the territory of the Voronezh region for 2010-2019 have been studied Considered the age structure of patients with influenza. The weather dynamics of incidence in the period 2010-2019 among children and adults, the monthly dynamics of the incidence of the season 2018-2019 were determined. The contribution of adults and children to the incidence was determined. The incidence of pneumonia in the Voronezh region, as the main complication of the H1N1 and H3N2 influenza, is considered. The directions of prevention, the main of which is vaccination. The vaccine population coverage has been determined, the dependence of vaccination prevention and morbidity rates is presented. A population survey was conducted regarding influenza vaccination. Conclusions about the general incidence of influenza, insufficient coverage of vaccine prevention, sanitary-educational work with the population, due to the fact that the majority of respondents do not have sufficient information about the flu. Recommendations are given.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):47-53
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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF POLINNOSIS IN THE VORONEZH REGION
Pchelintseva A.A., Samodurova N.Y.
Abstract
Issues related to the incidence of pollinosis in the population of the Voronezh region were studied. Compared with the incidence in the Russian Federation and the Central Federal District, the Voronezh Region does not exceed the average incidence rate, but among some areas there were areas with high levels of the pathology under study, exceeding the data for the region, 1.5 times. Also there are areas in which the average long-term figure does not exceed the regional, but the growth rate reaches high values. As a result of the ranking of 32 municipal districts of the region in terms of the average multi-year indicator among adults, adolescents and children, the Ramon district turned out to be a risk area. A survey of the population in Borisoglebsky and Petropavlovsk districts showed that the majority of people experiencing the symptoms of pollinosis do not seek medical help.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):54-60
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EPIDEMIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF THE INCIDENCE OF PERTUSSIS DISEASE AMONG THE POPULATION OF THE VORONEZH REGION
Romenskaya Y.A., Kameneva O.V.
Abstract
The study of the epidemiological features of pertussis in children and adults of the Voronezh region, the analysis of the dynamics of the epidprocess for the period 1940-2018gg. The regularities of the rise of morbidity associated with a decrease in the tension of population immunity.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):61-65
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THE PREVALENCE OF HEPATITIS C AMONG PERSONS WITH DRUG DEPENDENCE IN THE VORONEZH REGION
Sitnik T.N., Koroleva Y.S.
Abstract
The article presents the regularities of the development of the epidemic process of viral hepatitis C (HCV) and drug addiction in the Voronezh region. It is established that regional levels of morbidity of acute and chronic hepatitis have multidirectional trends with the all-Russian. The incidence of chronic hepatitis in the Voronezh region for 2010-2017 has an increase of 65.0%, the most pronounced since 2015. The prevalence of reported drug use in the Voronezh region is higher than the national average, with a tendency to increase (in 2017 by 11.7% compared to 2010). Comparison of regional curves of HCV incidence and primary drug addiction incidence for 2010-2017 reveals similarities in the dynamics of the epidemic process. Voluntary laboratory examinations of persons registered in the drug treatment service for markers of hemocontact infections reveal a high level of anti-HCV prevalence (from 62.2% to 73.4%). These figures are supported by the data biomedicinskih research in the group of injecting drug users. It is necessary to improve prevention programs for high-risk groups - drug users.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):66-75
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FEATURES OF FORMATION OF PSYCHOSOMATIC DISORDERS IN PERSONS OF HAZARDOUS OCCUPATIONS IN THE ASPECT OF FAMILY AND EMOTIONAL WELL-BEING
Sklyarova T.P., Petrova A.V., Mehatieva L.E.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of formation of psychosomatic disorders among professionals involved in emergency response and the role of the family environment in their psycho-emotional state.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):76-81
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EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MYOPIA AMONG THE POPULATION OF THE VORONEZH REGION FOR 2012-2017
Ushakova E.P., Yaroshevich E.A.
Abstract
The article studies the prevalence and dynamics of the incidence of myopia among the population of the Voronezh region for the period from 2012 to 2017. For the analysis, we used data from the statistical form 12 “Information on the number of diseases registered in patients living in the service area of the medical organization”, materials from the state report “On the state of the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the population in the Voronezh region” for the analyzed period. Research methods were operational and retrospective epidemiological analysis. As a result of the work done, priority distribution was established among the child and adolescent group of the population. The highest incidence rates were recorded among the child population, the range ranged from 36.91 per 1000 population to 40.08 per 1000 population and adolescents, the range was from 96.36 per 1000 population to 125.42 per 1000 population. The incidence rates among the adult population are 3.2 times lower than the values of children and 9.3 times lower than the adolescent population. The areas of risk in terms of the incidence of myopia among children were 3 areas of the Voronezh region: Buturlinovsky, Petropavlovsky and Ternovsky, and among teenagers there are 7 districts: Gribanovsky, Kamensky, Petropavlovsky, Ramonsky, Ternovsky, Khokholsky, Ertilsky. Analyzed the incidence of myopia, identified during ongoing preventive medical examinations.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):82-89
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ANALYSIS OF THE INCIDENCE OF FEVER WITH WEST NILE FEVER FOR 2010-2018, FOR THE TERRITORY OF THE VORONEZH REGION
Shumskaya Y.O., Yatsenko L.A.
Abstract
The authors analyzed the literature and information resources on the incidence of West Nile fever in various regions of the Russian Federation, including the Voronezh region. Information on the circulation of the West Nile virus in different countries of the world is presented. The regions with the highest number of cases were identified. In the course of the work, the data of monitoring the infection rate of the populations of the main carriers and vectors for the nine-year period are summarized and analyzed. The analysis of morbidity in the districts of the region, the age structure of the sick, the cases of import of infection from neighboring regions. Seasonality of the disease was determined. Areas of the Voronezh region with positive findings of the studied material selected in the region, indicating the circulation of the virus, were identified. The data on the area of cultivated areas against the main vectors are presented.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2019;(78):90-95
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