No 73 (2018)

Articles
HYGIENIC FEATURES OF THE WORKING CONDITIONS OF CELLULAR COMPANIES EMPLOYEES
Gorohov E.B., Ljapkalo A.A.
Abstract
Objective - hygienic characteristic of labor conditions and labor process mobile workers: administrative and office workers and technicians. Office workers are exposed to a combination of factors: climate parameters of electromagnetic radiation of different frequency range, static electricity, etc., and their work is characterized by neuro-emotional stress 3 class first degree.. The main adverse factor for technicians is the electromagnetic field of ultrahigh frequency from the base stations, which is the energy flux density in the workplace in 28% of cases exceeds the permissible parameters. Complex assessment of working conditions made it possible to carry the working conditions of technicians - harmful to the third class 2 and 3 degrees, depending on the intensity of the electromagnetic energy.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):3-9
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MEDICAL ASPECTS OF AGE PATHOLOGY AND LONGEVITY
Skrebneva A.V., Popov V.I.
Abstract
Today, thanks to statistics, we are getting more and more information about older people. According to statistics, in the structure of requests for primary care, patients of the older age group make up about 80%, while in hospitalization more than 50% are needed. First of all, this is due to the increase in life expectancy, the increase in the number of elderly and old people, the development of new medicines and methods of treatment. This poses new challenges, both for health care and for social services. This article discusses the problematic issues of servicing elderly people mainly from the medical side. In conclusion of the work, the main medical problems are identified for people, the older age group living in the Voronezh region, who were obtained during the analysis of statistical data.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):10-13
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QUESTION OF REGIONAL EPIDEMIOLOGY OF DISABLING SOCIALLY SIGNIFICANT DISEASES: DIABETES AND AEROTECHNOGENIC LOAD
Myachina O.V., Esaulenko I.E., Pusin S.N., Zuikova A.A., Pashkov A.N., Shurgaya M.A., Pichuzhkina N.M.
Abstract
The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among children and adults of industrial Levoberezhniy district of Voronezh and to analyze of air pollutants effect on diabetes primary morbidity. It has been found that in children from 0 to 14 years the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is 0.1 - 0.6 cases per 1000 population and is represented by type 1 diabetes. In adult population (18 years and more) the prevalence of diabetes is mainly represented by type 2 diabetes with a frequency of 2 - 5 cases per 1000 population. Type 1 diabetes also occur in some years, but its frequency ranges from 1.2 to 5% of the total number of newly diagnosed DM. Correlation analysis showed the presence of certain regularities between the indicators of diabetes 1 primary morbidity annual average concentration of sulfur dioxide, formaldehyde and carbon monoxide in the atmospheric air. Type 2 DM correlates with annual average concentration of copper oxide. Pair correlation coefficient varies from 0.47 to 0.79. According to medico- social serious consequences of this disease, early detection of carbohydrate metabolism disorders and regenerative therapy of medical rehabilitation is necessary.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):14-18
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NUTRITION OF SCHOOLCHILDREN OF MOSCOW AND ARCKHANGELSK AND PREVALENCE OF ABONORMALITIES OF THEIR PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT
Tatarinchik A.A.
Abstract
In this research the nutrition of 495 schoolchildren and students from Moscow and Arckhangelsk was studied. Also the composition of the body was studied. I didn’t find significant differences between these populations. There were found problems in eating preferences and high level of prevalence rate of overweight in populations
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):19-24
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DETERMINATION OF METRIBUZINE RESIDUES IN CORIANDER
Sobolev D.N.
Abstract
Here presented the results of research on the development of methods for the determination of metribuzine residues in coriander seeds, and the choice of QuEChERS as a method for sample preparation is justified. Sample preparation procedure includes the steps of: pre-adding water to the sample, extraction with acetonitrile containing 1% acetic acid in the presence of MgSO4 and NaCl, purification by dispersive solid-phase extraction using a mixture of sorbents based on the primary amine, octadecylsilane and graphitized carbon. The content of the pesticide was analyzed by capillary gas chromatography with a mass-selective detector. The range of detectable concentrations is 0,01-0,1 mg/kg, the standard deviation varies in the range of 1,31-3,49%.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):25-30
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ASSESSMENT OF DNA DAMAGE IN MAMMALIAN CELLS IN VIVO INDUCED BY GLYPHOSATE
Ilyushinaa N.A., Masaltsev G.V., Averianova N.S.
Abstract
Protection and Human Wellbeing, Mytishchi, Russia Glyphosate is a widely used herbicide around the world. However, the International Agency for Research on Cancer classified glyphosate as "a probable human carcinogen" (group 2A) on basis of new data on genotoxicity and carcinogenicity of glyphosate that emerged in recent years. The results of the genotoxic activity estimation of the glyphosate acid technical product in the tissues of CD-1 mice by the DNA comet method are presented in the article. It was demonstrated that glyphosate induced DNA damage in bone marrow cells at the highest dose (2000 mg/kg body weight). The effects observed in the liver cells were statistically insignificant. The obtained data indicate a weak genotoxic activity of the investigated technical product glyphosate.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):31-36
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METHOD OF MULTICOMPONENTAL DETERMINATION OF HERBICIDES OF CLASS OF CARBONIC ACIDS IN ATMOSPHERIC AIR
Goryacheva L.V., Egorchenkova O.E.
Abstract
The paper presents research materials on the development of a multicomponent method for measuring the concentrations of herbicides of different chemical classes when they are in common present in the air. The analysis was performed by capillary gas-liquid chromatography with an electron capture detector and a mass-selective detector (ionization-electron impact) in the conversion of compounds into volatile derivatives using diazomethane. The range of detectable concentrations of 8 active substances belonging to the classes of phenoxyacetic (2,4-D, MCAP), pyridine carboxylic (aminopyralide, picloram, clopyralide), benzoic acids (dicamba), benzothiadiazinone (bentazon), biphenyl ether (acifluorfen) in atmospheric air is 0.00008-0.0008 mg/m3, the total measurement error does not exceed 25%.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):37-42
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DETERMINATION RESIDUES ACTIVE SUBSTANCE PESTICIDEOF CLASS CARBAMATES IN SOIL
Bayusheva V.V.
Abstract
This study used to justify conditions for the determination the residues of iprovalicarb and the product of its metabolism, p-methyl-phenethylamine in soil, by HPLC-MS/MS (ESI). The registration was carried for daughter positive ions after the destruction of the parent ions out in the mode of MRM: 321.2, 119.1, 91.1 (parent and daughter ions of iprovalicarb); 136.1, 119.1, 91.1 (parent and daughter ions of p-methyl-phenethylamine). The recovery of the substances was carried out by boiling in an alkaline medium (methanol - ammonia). The lowest limit of the quantitative determination of iprovalicarb and p-methyl-phenethylamine in soil is 0.01 mg/kg, the average value of the completeness of the extraction, determined from the analysis of model samples with the introduction of substances at four points over the determined range, was 108% (iprovalicarb), 94% (p-methyl-phenethylamine) with RSD of repeatability of 9.63%, 7.11%, respectively.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):43-47
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FEATURES OF UNDERGROUND WATER COMPOSITION IN THE TERRITORY OF RANGE OF RYAZAN REGION REGIONS
Solovyev D.A., Dementiev A.A., Kluchnikova N.M.
Abstract
The article describes the characteristics of underground aquifers and water quality from artesian wells used for centralized drinking water supply to the population of the Ryazan region. Purpose of the study: To give a comparative description of the quality of water in underground water sources used for centralized household and drinking water supply in the areas of the Ryazan Region. Materials and methods: The material of the study was data on the quality of artesian aquifers in the Ryazan Region. The method of comparative analysis was used. Statistical processing was carried out by the method of variance analysis. Results of the research: Due to the fact that water from different aquifers is used for water supply in the regions of the Ryazan region, it seemed expedient to conduct a comparative study of the chemical composition of artesian waters in some settlements of these territories. Since the Ermeshinsky, Kadomsky and Pitelensky districts use the Podolsk-Myachkovsky aquifer, the Oka-Tarusa aquifer is used in the Mikhailovsky region, and in the Ryazhskoye, Sapozhkovsky, Sarayevsky, Skopinsky and Uholovsky districts the Ozersko-Khovansky aquifer is predominantly used comparison of water quality in these areas. The study revealed statistically significant differences in the average concentrations of iron in the water of underground sources of water supply in Ryazhsk, Sapozhok, Sarai, Skopin, Uholovo, and sulfates in Ermis, Kadom, and Pitelino. The differences in the concentration of iron (2+) can be explained by the use in the city of Skopin of the waters of the Ozersko-Khovanskii aquifer characterized by its higher content. A higher content of ammonium salts in the water of artesian wells was characterized by the Oka-Tarusa aquifer, which is located in the Ryazan Region in the Mikhailovsky District. The high content of ammonium salts in the artesian wells of the Mikhailovsky district can be related to the fact that the average depth of artesian wells in the Mikhailovsky area is on average 26 to 50 meters, which in turn can indicate the arrival of organic substances from the surface. Conclusions: Various aquifers are used in the territory of the Ryazan region. In the Ermeshinsky, Kadom and Piteleni districts, the Podolsk-Myachkovskiy aquifer is used, in the Mikhailovsky region the Oka-Tarusa aquifer is used, and in the Ryazhskoye, Sapozhkovsky, Sarayevsky, Skopinsky and Uholovsky districts, the Ozersko-Khovansky aquifer is predominantly used. In Skopin, the concentration of iron in the wells reaches 1.38 mg / l, which in accordance with GOST 2761-84 "Sources of centralized domestic drinking water supply. Hygienic, technical requirements and selection rules "indicates that this source of water supply can be attributed to the second class. The higher content of sulfates in the water in the territory of Kadomsky district can be associated with the use of the Podolsk-Myachkovsky horizon. The increased content of ammonium salts in the city of Mikhailov is associated with the use of the Oka-Tarusa horizon, which lies at shallow depths, which in turn causes a large number of wells with a depth of up to 25 meters, and this can lead to potential organic contamination from the surface.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):48-53
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STUDY OF THE INFLUENCE OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION ON THE FUNCTIONAL STATE OF THE ORGANISM OF PUPILS OF COMPREHENSIVE SCHOOLS
Niyazova O.A.
Abstract
Studying influences physical training on functional condition of pupil’s organism has shown, that physical training has good influence on functional indicators of pupil’s organism.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):54-58
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ANALYSIS OF EMISSIONS FROM STATIONARY SOURCES AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON MORBIDITY IN THE AREAS THE CITY OF VORONEZH
Zvyagintseva A.V., Bastrykin A.A., Prigorodova O.A.
Abstract
Statistical analysis of data from stationary emission sources Voronezh and their influence on the air pollution level is made in this work. The object of investigation is surface layer of the air environment of Voronezh, the subject - stationary sources city pollution
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):59-66
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DEVELOPMENT OF ACTIONS FOR SAFETY OF THE ENVIRONMENT AND RADIATION PROTECTION OF THE POPULATION FOR EXAMPLE, NOVOVORONEZH NPP
Zvyagintseva A.V., Dobrynin R.S., Verbitskaya M.V.
Abstract
The questions of safety of functioning of nuclear power plants on a concrete example of Novovoronezh NPP are considered. The analysis of monitoring systems and safety systems operating in the sanitary protection zone of nuclear power plants. The analysis of emissions of harmful substances into atmospheric air and generation of production and consumption wastes of Novovoronezh NPP in 2011 -2015 dynamics (tons/ year) is carried out. The article shows the development of measures and modes of behavior for the radiation protection of the population and personnel of nuclear power plants in a radiation accident
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):67-74
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND BEHAVIOR OF STUDENTS AS PEDAGOGICAL PROBLEM OF MODERN SCHOOL
Sokolova N.V., Kapura T.V.
Abstract
Presents the material on the study of the features of the formation of reproductive health and behavior of high school students of one of the schools of Voronezh from a pedagogical point of view; the role of the teacher in matters of sexual education of modern youth.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):75-78
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EATING DISORDERS AS A PREDICTOR OF EXCESS BODY WEIGHT IN HEALTHY PEOPLE
Mamchik N.P., Gabbasova N.V., Dzen N.V.
Abstract
The main sense of theories reflecting current ideas about eating disorders is established psychological diseases characterized by abnormal eating habits that may include insufficient or excessive consumption of food to the detriment of physical and mental health. In the course of the studies it was found that obesity is a psychosomatic chronic multifactorial disease, the predictor of which is a disturbed food stereotype, which is formed even during the period of newborn. The article cites data that eating disorders are also observed in people whose weight is within normal limits, which does not guarantee the protection of obesity in the future.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):79-86
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THE ALGORITHM OF ACTION OF THE DOCTOR OF THE X-RAY WHEN THERE IS AN INCIDENT IN THE WORKPLACE
Krasil'nikova D.I., Matveeva K.A., Mekhant'eva L.E., Sklyarova T.P., Il'ichev V.P.
Abstract
Questions about the safety of the patient and medical personnel in health care facilities have always been in the first place. The article proposes algorithms of action of radiologist and radiologist in the event of an accident at the workplace,based on the analysis of legal acts and scientific literature. Such problems as damage of radiation protection of the device,re-emission of personnel and patients, short circuit in the power supply system, mechanical breakdowns and breakdowns of communication systems of water supply, emergency condition of walls, ceiling and floor are considered. The algorithm of action consists of strictly consecutive stages, each of which represents a certain sequence of measures that ensure the prevention and elimination of the accident, as well as the safety of patients and medical personnel.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):87-92
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THE ROLE OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT FACTORS IN FORMING THE RISK OF EYE DISEASES AND ITS APPLIED EQUIPMENT FOR STUDENTS
Tatarkova Y.V., Petrova T.N., Goncharov A.Y., Kryukova O.N.
Abstract
The article analyzes the incidence of diseases of the eye and its adnexa among university students of different profiles. The analysis of the obtained data showed a negative tendency to the growth of both general and primary morbidity of eye diseases and its adnexa. In the structure of eye morbidity, the leading place in the students is occupied by refractive errors, inflammatory eye diseases, strabismus, optic nerve and retinal diseases. The growth of diseases of the eye and its adnexa is associated with a high intensification of the educational process, the introduction of computerization in classrooms, an increase in visual loads, and, possibly, an increase in the contingent of students enrolling in a university with pathology of the organ of vision. Hence, it is important to improve the ophthalmologic service, especially the primary link, which can solve the problems of prophylaxis of morbidity, and the donor diagnosis and prevention among students.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):93-97
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ON THE STATE OF MORBIDITY WITH VIRAL HEPATITIS WITH THE PARENTERAL MECHANISM OF TRANSMISSION IN THE TERRITORY OF THE VORONEZH REGION
Chemodurova J.V., Sitnik T.N., Shteynke L.V.
Abstract
Provides an overview of epidemiological data and an analysis of the prevalence of parenteral viral hepatitis B and C in the Voronezh region. The negative dynamics of the incidence of chronic forms of hepatitis B and C is shown against the background of the decline of acute forms. An increase in the incidence of chronic hepatitis C is associated with both improved diagnostics and drug addiction in the region.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):98-104
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ABOUT CHANGE OF EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SITUATION ON SHARP INTESTINAL INFECTIONS IN THE VORONEZH REGION
Sitnik T.N., Donskaya M.A., Mazina O.L., Yatsenko L.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the incidence of acute intestinal infections in the territory of the Voronezh Region for 2008-2017. In the structure of the cases, children under 17 years of age predominate. The tendency to increase the proportion and number of acute diarrhea of rotavirus established etiology is determined. The role of viral intestinal infections in the general morbidity, with predominance caused by rotaviruses, is increasing. The incidence of acute intestinal infections of norovirus etiology is increasing. Centralization of laboratory tests for viral infections improved the etiological interpretation of acute intestinal infections. In the Voronezh region over the past 5 years, the structure of the incidence of acute intestinal infections has improved in the direction of the etiologically deciphered ones.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):105-112
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HYGIENIC ASSESSMENT OF THE RISK TO CHILDREN'S HEALTH ASSOCIATED WITH THE HARMFUL EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS
Pichuzhkina N.M., Chubirko M.I., Mikhalkova E.V.
Abstract
The indicators of air pollution, drinking water in Voronezh according to social and hygienic monitoring are estimated. Statistically significant correlations between chemical air pollution and some indicators of children's morbidity were established. It is shown that the greatest contribution to the chemical aerogenic load for children is made by air pollution of the living environment. Regularities of dependence of indicators of morbidity of children on chemical composition of drinking water are revealed.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):113-115
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ECOLOGICAL ESTIMATION OF HYDROCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF UNDERGROUND WATER IN THE CONTEXT OF DRINKING WATER SUPPLY IN THE VORONEZH REGION
Vasilyeva M.V., Dorokhina A.A., Libina I.I., Skrebneva A.V.
Abstract
To date, in our country, among the priority environmental problems of our time is the issue of pollution of underground and surface waters. The Voronezh region refers to territories where the problem of the quality of underground and surface water is most acute and persists for a long time. Today, despite the high level of development of environmentally friendly nanotechnologies, there is an intensive impact of human economic activity on the habitat, which results in a deterioration in the quality of human living conditions. As a result, many researchers have proved the cause and effect relationship between man-made pollution of the environment and the emergence of a number of pathologies that lead not only to a change in adaptation reactions, but also to the emergence of new, environmentally-caused diseases.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):116-120
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FORECASTING OF DEVELOPMENT OF PROFESSIONAL BURNOUT IN SPECIALISTS OF LABORATORY PROFILE
Nenakhov I.G.
Abstract
In this article considered the problem of introducing a monitoring model of emotional burnout syndrome in employees of testing laboratory centers of Rospotrebnadzor. Syndrome of emotional burnout is a leading factor in the formation of professional burnout due to overstrain of the nervous system and the subsequent development of occupational diseases. The paper considers the specifics of the application of various methods aimed at determining the signs of emotional burnout, taking into account the features of laboratory activity. The features of the development of professional burnout presented on depending of the type of activity of specialists. Based on the data obtained, measures proposed to prevent the development of professional burnout in the staff of the Rospotrebnadzor laboratory unit.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):121-124
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INTEGRATIVE BIOEFFECTS OF DEPLETED URANIUM
Vorontsova Z.A., Kudaewa E.F., Selyavin S.S., Minasyan V.V.
Abstract
The results of histochemical, immunohistochemical and morphometric studies after a single exposure of depleted uranium after one, three and six months to organs with different refresh rates are presented in the article. The Substantial changes in the investigated criteria characterizing the bioeffects in terms of their severity are established. The Image-analysis used in the morphometry of the light-optical density of the enzymes' distribution that determine the near-wall and intracellular digestion in the epithelium of the lean and large intestines made let to establish violations and desynchronization of all processes. The number of intraepithelial lymphocytes and Ki67 + cells of the crypt epithelium varied as markers of mitotic cells. A certain pattern of reaction with an inverse relationship, including the timing of observation is marked between them. It was established lesion of the parotid gland in the remote terms after the introduction of depleted uranium. А high sensitivity of the glial component and a redistribution of the ratio of morphofunctional types of secretory neurons with a finding of barrier disorders by indices of the perineuronal index are marked In the SOC of hypothalamus. Analysis of the correlation of the intestines' investigated criteria, characterized by a high rate of renewal, determined the adaptive nature of some of them, which did not lead to a favorable outcome. The nature of adaptability was not manifested in the indices of the hypothalamus SON's secretory neurons correlation index - a stable population against the background of a long-term stage-by-stage observation after a single exposure to the DU.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):125-129
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HISTOENZYMOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTIC OF A GLOBUSPALLIDUSUNDER THE ACTION OF IONIZING RADIATION
Nasonova N.A., Kvaratskheliya A.G., Sokolov D.A.
Abstract
In the present work investigates the dose-time dependence of changes in the activity of SDH, LDH, G-6-PDG pale globe in the action of ionizing radiation at a dose of 0.5 Gy. The study was carried out on 60 male white outbred rats exposed to single total gamma irradiation at a dose of 0.5 Gy. Taking the material was made after 100 min., 5 hours, on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 30th day, in 6 months, 1 year, and 1.5 year after exposure. As a result of the analysis of the data, it was concluded that the change in the activity of enzymes of the globuspallidusin the affected period was of a phase nature.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):130-133
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Ecological and hygienic assessment of consequences of Chernobyl radiation accident
Gundarova O.P., Maslov N.V., Fyodorov V.P., Kvaratskheliya A.G.
Abstract
The authors analyze the literature and their own data on the impact of the Chernobyl radiation accident on the ecology and health of liquidators and the population. It is noted that for 30 years after the accident, the main task - to minimize damage to public health was performed. The accident at Chernobyl did not cause major changes in the status of objects of wildlife. However, over time, public concern about the consequences of the accident did not decrease, but only increased. This largely determined the long-term nature of work on the socio-psychological rehabilitation of liquidators and the population.Localization of consequences of the Chernobyl disaster was attended by more than 1,000 crew members of a military helicopter aviation. Doses of external irradiation of liquidators ranged from 0.05 to 0.5 Gy, the duration of stay in the zone with an increased level of contamination by nuclear fission products up to 10 days. In the post radiation period, the helicopter was observed a significant increase in neuropsychiatric diseases. It is connected not only with external, but also with internal irradiation, as well as with psychogenic factors and unfavorable social and hygienic living conditions of liquidators. Experimental studies on animals irradiated in doses comparable to the obtained liquidators showed the absence of significant organic changes in the brain, but at the same time a certain instability in the structural and functional organization of neurons, which under certain conditions can serve as a background for the development of pathological conditions.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):134-142
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INFLUENCE OF ANTHROPOGENIC FACTORS ON PERMEABILITY OF HEMATOENCEFALIC BARRIER
Il'icheva V.N., Sokolov D.A., Gundarova V.V., Ilicheva K.A., Popov M.V.
Abstract
As a result of the study, white mongrel mature male rats, irradiated with Co60 (1.25 MeV) γ-rays at a dose of 87.5 Gy and a power of 0.86 Gy / min.) Were found to be in various forms in the ancient cortex of the brain the period of the postradiation period was observed in a two-phase, oppositely directed dynamics of activity of the AF in the endothelium of the microcirculatory channel of the pyriform zone of the ancient cortex and the caudate nucleus is probably due to the features of the reactivity of structures having a different phylogenetic age.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):143-146
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ASSESSMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL RISKS TO HEALTH OF LIQUIDATORS OF CONSEQUENCES OF RADIATION ACCIDENT
Fedorov V.P., Gundarova O.P., Maslov N.V.
Abstract
By the example of the helicopter pilots participating in liquidation of consequences of Chernobyl radiation accident it is shown that the regulated doses of ionizing radiation do not have essential influence on a brain and at external influence are not, probably, the leading cause of violations of their psychoneurological status. Diseases of liquidators are caused not so much by exposure to ionizing radiation in the range of small doses, but are the result of the impact of a complex of risk factors inherent in the Chernobyl radiation accident.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):147-152
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REACTION OF ANCIENT CRUST ON IONIZING RADIATION
Il'icheva V.N.
Abstract
As a result of the study, white mongrel mature male rats, irradiated with Co60 (1.25 MeV) γ-rays at a dose of 87.5 Gy and a power of 0.86 Gy/min.) Were found to be in various forms in the ancient cortex of the brain the terms of the post-radiation period showed phase changes in the ratio of different cellular forms of neurocytes, their body, nucleus and nucleolus in comparison with the parameters of biological control. The experimental factor causes in the post-radiation period deep dystrophic-necrotic changes that increase at the end of the observation period.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):153-156
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MONITORING OF SOCIAL AND HYGIENIC FACTORS AS A BASIS FOR IMPROVING THE QUALITY OF PERFORMANCE AND HEALTH OF STUDENTS OF THE MEDICAL FACULTY
Anokhina Z.A., Korotkikch K.N., Kvaratskheliya A.G.
Abstract
Researches of 143 female students of the 1st course of medical faculty at the age of 17-20 years were carried out by the uniform technique including questioning, assessment of indicators of morbidity, anthropometric and psychometric characteristics, definition of sanitary and hygienic conditions of life and training. The method of questioning shows a subjective assessment of the main indicators of the quality of life of students. The structure of morbidity of students is analyzed.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):157-161
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IDENTIFICATION OF INTERRELATION OF RISKS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DISBIOZ OF INTESTINES AND PREDISPOSITION TO THE IMMUNODEFICIENCY AND ALLERGY AT STUDENTS BY DIAGNOSTICS DOLABORATORNOY METHOD
Novoseltseva T.D., Kalashnikova A.P., Gavrilov S.N.
Abstract
Within the Healthy lifestyle program screening examination of students with use of the diagnostic test questionnaire during which the interrelation between risks of development of a disbioz of intestines and predisposition to an immunodeficiency and an allergic syndrome is studied is conducted.
Medical Scientific Bulletin of Central Chernozemye (Naučno-medicinskij vestnik Centralʹnogo Černozemʹâ). 2018;(73):162-166
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