No 60 (2015)

Articles
HISTORICAL TYPES OF CIVILIZATIONS, PHILOSOPHY, MEDICINE: CULTUROLOGICAL PARALLELS
Kuznetsov D.P., Tshavelev S.P.
Abstract
The article presents the outline of the philosophy of medicine in the civilizational and cultural background of the East and the West. Comparing European anatomical and physiological model and eastern energy healing leads to understanding their strengths and weaknesses. Some ideas are expressed about the cultural context of bioethics as a newborn transdisciplinary field of knowledge and practice.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):3-10
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CIVILIZATION DISEASES. FEATURES OF MODERN TYPE OF THE PERSON
Gorshkov I.P., Volynkina A.P., Manannikova V.I.
Abstract
Health is a difficult, global, sociocultural and universal phenomenon having an inherent value for people. In the last decades appeared a new term - "civilization diseases" (diseases of the XX-XXI centuries) which means the diseases on the base of human society development, such as diseases connected with internal problems, violation of moral norms and mechanisms of adaptation to adverse factors of the anthropogenically changed environment in the conditions of the prompt growth of scientific and technical progress, typical for this century, and some other manifestations of human activity having global character. Seventy five percent of all cases of death in the industrial countries belong to civilization diseases. The group of civilization diseases includes pathologies of cardiovascular, nervous, immunological, digestive, endocrine systems. Among them cardiovascular, oncological, pulmonary diseases and diabetes are leading reasons of mortality, disability and temporary incapacity. The relevance of this subject responds to the fact that the health of the person gets still greater importance in modern conditions of the global moral and ecological crisis which is characterized by negative tendencies in dynamics of health, so an ordinary increasing interest in a health problem in its general scientific, philosophical and anthropological aspects appears. The solution of the problem of health improvement is possible only by means of changing the person and his worldview. It is necessary to form the health of the person completely in the unity of his body, his soul and his spirit with the corresponding hierarchy of material and spiritual values.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):11-20
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IRRATIONALITY AS A PHENOMENON OF LIFE: AN INTRODUCTION INTO THE PROBLEM
Obydenny D.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the problem of irrationality as a common feature of the being itself. The article is an introduction into this question, describing main approaches to this concept.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):21-24
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DESCRIPTION OF CONSCIOUSNESS: A QUESTION ABOUT INDISCERNIBILITY OF LANGUAGES
Belyaev M.A.
Abstract
This paper shows that (1) there are three languages arising from the three metaphysical hypotheses about the nature of consciousness (physicalism, dualism, neutralism); (2) these languages are not explicit; (3) hence it is impossible to justify why one of the metaphysical hypotheses is preferable to others.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):25-29
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TO THE QUESTION OF THE METHODOLOGY OF THE DEFINITION OF "HEALTH"
Buravkov B.P., Gulova L.V.
Abstract
The article reveals the essence of the problem of the definition of "disease", analyzes the shortcomings of the existing approaches for its solution, and offers the best option.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):30-34
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THE PROBLEM OF STUDENT YOUTH HEALTH AND DISEASE
Fertikova T.Y., Rogachev A.A.
Abstract
Recently the problem of students health as a particular social group has become a high relevance. This is confirmed by the appearance of a large number of scientific papers, comprehensive programs to preserve the health and quality of students life particularly in the Voronezh N.N. Burdenko State Medical Academy. Certain results of the implementation of health-technologies are available, but talk about a complete solution of such a multi-faceted, complex problems is still early.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):35-38
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PHILOSOPHICAL FOUNDATIONS OF THE FORMATION OF PHYSICIAN CLINICAL THINKING IN THE TEACHING OF PHTHISIOLOGY
Stogova N.A.
Abstract
In the article the necessity of knowledge and use of students of medical school of basic philosophical concepts and forms of activity in the process of forming their diverse clinical thinking. Justifies the role of problem-based learning as a method of improving cognitive processes in the teaching of tuberculosis.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):39-43
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ENVIRONMENT AS PHILOSOPHY COMPONENT OF NURSE BUSINESS
Gridneva L.G., Kashin A.V., Gridnev Y.V.
Abstract
The philosophy of nurse business points out environment as an important medico-philosophical component. Active positive influence on dwelling ecology, the modified factors of makroenvironment promote the maintenance and strengthening of health of each person
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):44-46
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FORMIROVANIE MOTIVATION IN POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION AT THE DEPARTMENT OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
Salomakhin G.G., Pegusov S.M., Druganova L.P.
Abstract
The formation of professional, educational, personal prestige and pragmatic motivations for doctors is in the process of postgraduate training. As the motivators are not only specific discipline, but also adjacent. The effectiveness of the educational process at the University define the educational and professional motivation, which is achieved by the use of new technologies for knowledge acquisition. The article provides guidelines, which allow to increase educational and professional motivation and directly affect the quality of the training physician.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):47-51
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PROFESSIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION OF FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS OF VORONEZH STATE MEDICAL ACADEMY
Makerova S.Y., Satina I.V.
Abstract
In the article we consider some difficulties linked with the self-determination of first-year students Voronezh State Medical Academy.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):52-55
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MASSAGE - HARMONY OF SOUL AND BODY
Harina M.V., Gridneva I.V.
Abstract
Massage is it very ancient and unique method of therapy. Massage work is not only physical level, but on psychological level. This method help us to make harmony of soul and body in order to give us healthy and joy of life.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):56-59
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ABOUT SOCIAL STATUS OF PHYSICIAN
Popov S.V., Petrosjan S.L., Popova V.P.
Abstract
The work is devoted to status of physician in modern Russian society. Authers touch upon the ethic questions of physician activity, questions of state responsibility for physicians life quality, problems of specialists training.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):60-63
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MEDICAL MALPRACTICE IN THE SOCIAL AND ETHICAL DIMENSION
Smirnov A.V., Smirnova E.V.
Abstract
This article deals with the problem of medical errors, their nature, causes and classification. According to the author, analyzing and interpreting errors leads to a growth of competence of and the strengthening of a doctor’s ethical standpoints.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):64-69
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TITLE OF THE ARTICLE. EMOTIONAL BURNOUT SYNDROME AMONG ANESTHESIOLOGISTS AND RESUSCITATION SPECIALISTS
Struk Y.V., Yakusheva O.A., Vysotskiy E.Y.
Abstract
The article presents the definition and manifestation of emotional burnout syndrome, discusses especially the work in the departments of anesthesiology, resuscitation and intensive therapy, risk factors. The ways of solving this problem, as well as measures to prevent the development of this pathology proposed.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):70-74
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THE ETHICS OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES IN THE FIELD OF BIOMEDICINE
Shaeva T.V., Dmitriev E.V., Lykova T.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to the ethics of emerging technologies in the field of biomedicine. Showing some of the problems associated with the development of biomedicine, which constitute the basis for better control when the balance between risk and benefit of technology development.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):75-78
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MORAL ASPECTS of PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY of FORENSIC MEDICAL EXPERTS
Kirilov V.A.
Abstract
The article explains the importance of forming of moral qualities of forensic medical expert, as an important component of professional training. The specific of forensic medical expert activity is studied in the aspect of cooperation of moral principles required by law. The need to comply by expert of moral rules when performing of professional tasks is described. The basic moral requirements for an expert as a participant in the proceedings are considered. The need for a deeper study of the moral principles of activity forensic expert in the aspect of the importance of forensics for the proceedings and society is shown.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):79-82
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LIFE AND DEATH AS SOCIOCULTURAL PHENOMENON
Misyukevich N.D.
Abstract
The tendency to preservation of life and fight against death is an elementary form of orientation and is inherent in any live matter. Therefore the syndrome of a characterologic necrophilia as a sociocultural phenomenon will be shown in all sectors of society. Demonstration of possible influence of a syndrome of a characterologic necrophilia on a course of disease and process of recovery of patients of various profile became the purpose of our research.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):83-86
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EUTHANASIA AS A MEDICO-SOCIAL PROBLEM
Sviridov A.S.
Abstract
In this article euthanasia is taken up as a medical and social problem. It raises a question, if it is ethical for a doctor to practice euthanasia. The paper looks into the problem of euthanasia prohibition as an attempt to protect a doctor from a crime and it has not only a practical but also a symbolic significance for maintaining a social status of medicine. According to the article legalization of euthanasia can damage the profession of physician and a society as a whole, therefore it cannot be justified.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):87-91
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SOCIAL FUNCTIONS OF HEALTHCARE
Ruzhentsev S.E.
Abstract
Modern society has a serious impact on health and it identifies trends of its development. Healthcare is one area of public life, has a special place in the system of the social division of labor, is a mechanism of social adaptation of the person, ensuring the quality of a human life.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):92-94
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MODERNIZATION OF THE RUSSIAN SYSTEM OF MEDICAL EDUCATION AND HEALTH CARE IN THE CONTEXT OF STRUCTURAL-FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS
Inyutin V.V.
Abstract
Differentiation of Russian society is asymmetric. Role of the state is very high. Asymmetry caused by the dominance of the economy. Necessary to increase the autonomy of social subsystems.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):95-98
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About Professional Activity of Ultrasound Diagnostics Specialists
Popov S.V., Petrosjan S.L., Popova V.P.
Abstract
The problems of efficient organization of physician work in ultrasound diagnostics, safety of intellectual potential in Russian health care, economic state pledges for medical specialists are discussed in the article.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):99-102
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THE MISSION OF THE MUSEUM COMPLEX IN VORONEZH STATE MEDICAL ACADEMY
Markova S.V.
Abstract
The article analyzes the phenomenon of University Museum, it also reveals the history and mission of the medical Museum of the Voronezh medical Academy.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):103-106
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THE FEATURES OF PRIMITIVE HEALTH PROTECTION MAGIC IN THE WEDDING CEREMONY OF THE VORONEZH PROVINCE PEASANTS(ACCORDING TO THE DATA OF RUSSIAN GEOGRAPHICAL SOCIETY IN THE MIDDLE OF THE XIX CENTURY)
Pukhova N.F.
Abstract
In the wedding ceremony of the Voronezh province peasants of the XIX century there were features of primitive magic aimed at preservation of health and prosperity of those entering into marriage, their children, relatives and live stock, as well as the traces of public organization of the early epoch, that interact with the features of later historical epochs.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):107-112
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“THE PLAGUES”: THE EPIDEMICS IN RUSSIA IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XVII CENTURY
Zhibrova T.V.
Abstract
The article is devoted to some aspects of the activities of the Pharmacy Department in the second half of the XVII century on the example of the struggle with periodically emerging epidemics.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):113-117
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SICKNESS PROBLEMS AMONG SHIP PERSONNEL DURING THE FIRST MILITARY CAMPAIGN OF THE RUSSIAN FLEET IN THE BALTIC SEA IN THE SEVEN-YEAR WAR
Popov Y.M.
Abstract
The article is dedicated to the Russian participation in the Seven-Year War (1756-1763) and particularly the events that happened during the first military campaign of the Russian fleet in the Baltic Sea in 1757. They were connected with the problems on the ships of Kronshtadt and Revel squadrons due to high sickness rate among personnel. The author pays detailed attention to the measures the commanders took in order to reduce the spread of diseases and not to disrupt the fleet missions.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):118-122
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SATURDAY... HEALTH: BACK TO THE PAST OR FORWARD INTO THE FUTURE
Romanova M.M., Zuikova A.A.
Abstract
The article analyzes the prerequisites for the formation and implementation of the project "Live long!" in the Voronezh region, especially the organization and conduct of Volunteer health" in modern conditions, results, features a competition among medical institutions, as well as prospects of this form of work of the health workers and health organizations with patients.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):123-127
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DRUG DEPENDECE AS A SPECIAL FORM OF SOCIAL PATHOLOGY
Chubirko M.I., Pichuzhkina N.M., Masaylova L.A.
Abstract
Discusses the question of the existence of the cases of diseases from drugs on the territory of the Voronezh region. There is structure of acute drug poisonings. Are recommendations for the adoption of the address management decisions.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):128-131
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GDV BIOELECTROGRAPHIC COMPARED EVALUATION OF GIRL ,S AND YOUTH,S STRESS RESISTANCE IN GROUPS OF FOREIGN PUPILS WITH TESTS OF FLUORESCENCE OF ARMS FOURTH FINGERS SKIN SURFACES
Nemykh V.N., Pashkov A.N., Sukhoveeva O.V.
Abstract
The evaluation of resistance to stress was executed with method GDV- bioelectrography. Intensity of fluorescence of the arms fourth fingers skin surface used as indicator of activity endocrinal system at the start and end of academic year. Obtained information was compared with analogous results of investigation of activity of the left and right cerebral hemispheres (the fluorescence of the left and right first fingers). At the end of academic year there was more resistance to new living conditions and academic process difficulties in girl ,s group: more fast of stability arriving and earlier activation the left cerebral hemisphere for intensive learning.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):132-136
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TO THE QUESTION OF THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CREDIT-MODULAR SYSTEM OF ADDITIONAL PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
Shvyrev A.P., Chesnokov P.E., Chaikina N.N.
Abstract
The article deals with the introduction and implementation of credit-modular system, i.e. unification of accounting teaching load by transferring academic hours in the credits accumulated in the learning process in the framework of continuous professional development of additional professional education of medical and pharmaceutical workers with the aim of harmonization of national systems of education.
Научно-медицинский вестник Центрального Черноземья. 2015;(60):137-140
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